Solar Battery Converts Nearly 100% of Solar Energy into Electrons, Say Researchers
Scientists from the Ohio State University have created the world's first solar battery that can recharge itself with the help of air and light. The research group developed the solar battery by combining a battery and a solar cell into one hybrid device.
Scientists claim that the solar battery is quite efficient and cost of the battery will also be affordable. They also said that solar batteries have been facing several problems related to efficiency, but the new design of the solar battery is twice as efficient as it converts nearly 100% of the solar energy into electrons within the battery.
Lead researcher Yiying Wu said the battery is a breathing battery. The research team stated that the latest battery breathes in air when it discharges, and breathes out when it charges.
According to scientists, the structure of the latest innovation includes a solar panel cell and a battery. The panel made up of a mesh of titanium crystals is placed on titanium gauze. This mesh solar panel allows the air to enter the battery. It also helps to transfer electrons between the solar panel and the battery electrode.
In addition, they said that the internal system of the solar battery is based on three electrodes. The first is the titanium crystals, the second electrode is the sheet of carbon and the third is the lithium plates placed below the carbon sheet. The light and oxygen present inside the device help to charge the battery.
"The state of the art technology is to use a solar panel to capture the light, and then use a cheap battery to store the energy. We've integrated both functions into one device, and anytime you can do that you reduce costs", they said.
The latest designs aim to reduce the loss of electrons when they are transferred to the battery storage after generating through the solar panel. As in previous designs the system loses almost 20% of the power while transferring electrons from the capturing site to the storage site.
However, with the latest innovation, scientists were able to utilize nearly 100% of the electrons produced, which makes it more efficient.
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