TB, Cholera and Measles resurgence noticed in Britain
Britain is facing an upsurge in the number of cases of tuberculosis, cholera, scurvy, whooping cough and measles. Most of these diseases are related to poor health services and living conditions in developing countries. For many decades, Britain was having rare incidents of these diseases. A report published by the National Health Service has indicated 136 percent rise in scarlet fever in the past five years.
The cases of cholera have shot up by 300 percent in the last five years. The rise in incidents related to these rare health conditions in developed countries has been blamed on budget cuts on social services and malnutrition in some of regions.
The tuberculosis cases have declined in Britain in the recent years. In certain neighborhoods, the prevalence of tuberculosis is high and health department officials should take action, said the report.
Lack of access to health care services has worsened the condition in some regions.
Some experts in England call attention to a large recent increase in malnutrition -- the number of people admitted to the hospital with malnutrition listed as the primary or secondary cause doubled in three years -- as part of the cause of increases in certain diseases.
"Older people and professionals often incorrectly assume that losing weight and having a reduced appetite are just a normal part of ageing," Dianne Jeffrey, chairs of the Malnutrition Task Force, told the Independent earlier this year.
"Much malnutrition is preventable, so it is totally unacceptable that estimates suggest there are at least one million older people malnourished or at risk of malnourishment," she said. "Cuts to social care mean many older people are being left to cope on their own."
Dr. Nuria Martinez-Alier, an immunologist in London said, "There has been a huge rise in scarlet fever -- 14,000 [suspected] cases in the last year, the highest since the 1960s. We have seen a rise in the cases of tuberculosis, we've seen a rise in cases of whooping cough, we have seen more measles in the last 10 years than in the last 10 years before that."
The UK Health and Social Care Information Centre found that malnutrition has increased by almost 51% over the past five years. “We meet families from across the U.K. struggling to put enough food on the table and, at the extreme end, you get people who are malnourished”, said Trussell Trust chairman Chris Mould, the NGO that coordinates food banks throughout the country.
As of now, the scurvy rate in the UK is 113 per 100,000 people, up by 33% from last year. Scarlet fever in the UK is also at all-time high. In 2014 alone, numbers of cases of scarlet fever were higher since 1960s.
Overall tuberculosis rates in England have come down in recent years, but are still surprisingly high to many. Some neighborhoods in the country have higher incidence rates than countries like Rwanda, Iraq and Guatemala where they might be expected.
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