Which statement accurately describes binary star systems? Which formula can be used to express the law of conservation of momentum, where p = momentum? Infer the relative age of Which molecule involved in protein synthesis was mentioned in "Our Molecular Selves" but not in "Your DNA at Work"? What has Abdid most likely found? An object starts at position 12 on a horizontal line with a reference point of 0. It does not emit electromagnetic radiation. Kai was 200 meters north of the library when he remembered he had to return some books to the library. A combustion reaction is a major class of chemical reactions, commonly referred to as "burning." Which statement explains how weight is different from mass? Sayid made a chart listing data of two colliding objects. Which steps were included in the process of cloning Dolly? Elephants and mammoths are alike because they each have tusks. Which phrase describes the composition of the outer planets? Which statement accurately describes dark matter? Juan inflates a balloon and then releases its end to let the balloon go free as air comes out. In which direction does the Sun appear to move across the sky? Why do some people worry that eating genetically modified food may be harmful? Which property of a star is closely related to its temperature? All points to the left of zero are negative. Which are characteristics of natural selection? DNA plays a role in the growth and reproduction of organisms. Igneous rocks form from magma (intrusive igneous rocks) or lava (extrusive igneous rocks). What occurs when the moon blocks the view of the Sun? The bike hits a rock, which stops it completely and throws Sheila forward onto the pavement. Which statements describe homologous structures? A population of rabbits inhabits an island that has an active volcano. Most other prokaryotes have small cells, 1 or 2 µm in size, and would be difficult to pick out as fossils. Anya knows the velocity of an object. Which of these are associated with the solar wind? Which is a valid velocity reading for an object? Earth’s Timeline and History. From 6 to 8 seconds, Elan accelerated faster than Anna. Diego is trying to lift a piano to the second floor of his house. People living in some countries have a difficult time obtaining foods that are high in vitamin A. About how long ago did our solar system start to form? If forces acting on an object are unbalanced, the object could experience a change in ________. The chart lists the masses and velocities of four objects. These shifts have made it difficult to grow and harvest crops. Who created the system for classifying and naming plants and animals? Scientists must be able to have an "imaginative preconception" of what the truth is. Check all that apply. Select three options. Select three options. The diagram shows fossils buried in layers of sediment. His car was 15 meters from the starting line. d) The skeleton f r om La Chapelle-aux-Saints was from a typical young, healthy Neandertal man. https://media.edgenuity.com/contentengine/frames/6e295e92-a712-11e4-8498-bc764e043e0c/8302-04-01-20-05-image1.png. The adaptation of thicker fur will be selected over thinner fur, and the population will evolve. They both have embryos with gill slits and tails. A car is traveling in a race. For a fossil to form, several conditions have to be met. Sedimentary rocks form from sediments worn away from other rocks. How are selective breeding, cloning, and genetic engineering similar? Annalise observes a streak of light in the sky and says she is seeing a shooting star. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Select three options. ... MAMMOTH fossils? Which event takes place first in the stages before the birth of a star? A skydiver falls toward the ground at a constant velocity. Embryology is the study of the development of an , which is a fertilized egg attached to the wall of the mother's uterus. Assuming no outside forces act on the system, which best describes the total momentum after the collision? It is always the same as it was before the collision. When burned, they release energy. Her momentum on the bike is 340 kg • m/s. Earth was completely unrecognizable. When discussing Newton's laws of motion, which terms do people most likely use when talking about Newton's third law of motion? (The direction of the force of gravity is negative. their common ancestor has the same four shared characteristics. How do spectrographs help astronomers classify stars? Which units are used to measure both velocity and speed? Check all that apply. Fixed stars are around the outside of the orbit of Saturn. Garreth and Elisa ran together, Luigi and Jasmine went the same distance, and Logan and Jasmine have the same displacement in the opposite direction. Which feature is used to classify galaxies? Shelly was surprised to learn the dwarf planet Pluto used to be considered a planet. Some traits in certain embryos disappear as the embryo develops. Natural selection drives evolution; the evolution of a population happens rapidly; organisms have common ancestors; organisms change over time. Which statement accurately describes the Doppler effect? Animals that produce human medicines could be cloned. Which describes vestigial structures and how they relate to evolution? 1) An organism dies. The barge is exerting a force of 3000 N against the tugboat. What occurs if the environment changes and a species is no longer able to survive? Which additional feature can be used to determine the object is an asteroid? Which scientist discovered DNA after experimenting with white blood cells? Veronica's velocity was measured as 4.3 m/s. Emmett is lifting a box vertically. They all have a backbone and scales, lay eggs, and walk on land. Crinoids and gastropods have lived during the same time period. Taden has found a table of the atmospheric layers of the Sun. Check all that apply. Which statements are part of Darwin's theory of evolution? Which model is most similar to that of Aristarchus? The law of conservation of momentum states that, if left alone, what happens to the total momentum of two interacting objects that make up a system? Summarize how scientists A genetic mutation causes a squirrel to be born with much darker fur than its parents. Ch. Organisms overproduce offspring, so only some survive and pass on their traits. It must contain at least three different shared characteristics. This includes photosynthesis in plants and dissolution in … The collisions release heat, which results in the heating and subsequent melting, sinking, and rising of materials. Select three options. A term that typically describes a species that no longer has any known living individuals. Mutations that neither benefit nor harm the organism have effect on the organism's survival. Which best describes the geologic time scale? structures are fully functional, show evidence of a common ancestor, and may or may not have the same function in different species. Look at the diagram of the moon and three different paths that it could take. A cell from the udder of a sheep was removed. The students pour 2 centimeters of light-colored sand into a … All the inner planets are smaller than the outer planets. Check all that apply. What can you tell about it when looking at. The chart shows the times and accelerations for three drivers. He notes that the asteroid is three times farther from the Sun than Earth is. Which statement explains how gravity and inertia work together? The diagram shows the structures of horse and cat forelimbs. The dimmer star in a two-star system passes in front of the brighter star. From start to finish, she went 8.1 km/h northwest. Extreme heat and pressure causes nuclear fusion. Which best describes how shared characteristics can be used to identify evolutionary relationships? The distance from the Earth to the Sun equals 1 AU. Check all that apply. Which statement best describes the density of the outer planets? Check all that apply. Aristarchus was not as famous as Aristotle. For a fossil to form a plant or animal must be covered with sediment. The table represents the speed of a car in a northern direction over several seconds. What should Jerome always keep constant for each object after the objects collide and bounce apart? Alex listed the typical steps of fossil formation. is the displacement of an object during a specific unit of time. Which factor is most likely to contribute to the evolution of a species? Which scientists concluded that DNA is a three-dimensional molecule? Select two options. Kiley went 5.7 km/h north and then went 5.8 km/h west. Jerome solves a problem using the law of conservation of momentum. The solar nebula spun faster and faster and flattened into a rotating disk. Check all that apply. The graph shows two runners participating in a race. Levi is pushing the box with a force of 30 N, and Clara is pulling the box with a force of 50 N. The box exerts a frictional force of 65 N. There is a net force of 15 N allowing Levi and Clara to move the box. measuring the amount of water in Jupiter's atmosphere. Before DNA was discovered, in which materials did scientists think the genetic material was stored? Transcription takes place in the nucleus, and translation takes place in ribosomes. Which statements differentiate DNA and RNA? In which way are Mercury and Venus similar? Just like any other piece of historical evidence, fossils don’t speakfor themselves. Which characteristic of a protein may change during a DNA mutation? The earliest known life-forms are putative fossilized microorganisms, found in hydrothermal vent precipitates, that may have lived as early as 4.28 Gya (billion years ago), relatively soon after the oceans formed 4.41 Gya, and not long after the formation of the Earth 4.54 Gya. Which statements best describe natural selection? Fossils show that organisms descend from a common ancestor. Which traits do human embryos have that link them to a common ancestor with fish and reptiles? Learn more about their life cycles, evolution, taxonomy, and features. Action and reaction forces are described by which of Newton's laws of motion? Check all that apply. https://media.edgenuity.com/evresources/8307/8307-06/8307-06-05/8307-06-05-assessment/8307-06-05-12.jpg\. Ceres is found in the asteroid belt and Eris, Makemake, Haumea, and Pluto are found in the Kuiper Belt. Which factors may contribute to the extinction of a species? Check all that apply. the convection zone, because it shows how energy moves in a convection current. A coastal forest was home to a type of burrowing rodent that was not found anywhere else in the world. A is a branching diagram that shows evolutionary relationships. Explain how DNA, which is six feet long, can be stored in the nucleus of a tiny human cell. Diego uses a pulley system and gives a big lift to the piano.The piano moves upward, then stops, and then it starts to fall to the ground. b) The data for paleoanthropology come mainly from human genetics. Their graphs show the data. Which example best illustrates a condition necessary for natural selection to occur? This fossil shows tunnels left after animals burrowed through the sediment. Check all that apply. Learn about Fossil Formation. Aristotle was famous and his ideas were supported by religious teachings. Check all that apply. Which of these are components of DNA? Amar is making a cladogram. A population's environment or location changes, some members survive and reproduce, and favorable traits are passed on to offspring. The complex of data recorded in fossils worldwide—known as the fossil record—is the primary source of information about the history of life on Earth. Levi and Clara are trying to move a very heavy box. geo quizlet 2 geology quiz 2. Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.Click to see the original works with their full license. Check all that apply. Mutations are sometimes helpful, sometimes harmful, and sometimes neutral. The net forces exerted on the horse and cart are not the same, so they are not balanced forces. Choose the products created during nuclear fusion. What is a small, rocky object that orbits the Sun and is usually found in a belt between Mars and Jupiter? A few days later, scientists studying the area found that no members of this species remained. According to Newton's first law of motion, when will an object at rest begin to move? NOT: It's temperature is 5,500 degrees celsius to 6,000 degrees celsius. 3. the soft portions decay and the hard portions remain. There have not been enough long-term studies to prove that this food is safe. Which two planets are called "ice giants"? What is the displacement of the object? (I think). Who had the idea to study humans as groups rather than as individuals? Which of the following are dwarf planets? Choose the ingredients needed for nuclear fusion. According to Newton's first law, which characteristic of a moving object would remain constant if there were no other forces acting on it? Why is the cloning of Dolly the sheep important to humans? A cast fossil would look just like the actual body part of a once living thing. Which best explains how the collisions of materials in space contribute to the formation of layers in protoplanets? is the distance traveled during a specific unit of time. Which statement best describes how reproduction leads to natural selection in a population? Pelvic bones in whales are an example of structures. A gene is a segment of DNA, a condensed DNA molecule makes up a chromosome, a chromosome is inside a nucleus, and a nucleus is contained within a cell. The image shows two siblings with their grandparents. Check all that apply. A genetic mutation that causes abnormal cells to rapidly reproduce and divide often leads to. Check all that apply. https://media.edgenuity.com/contentengine/frames/5bdd29a0-ccea-11e4-b91b-bc764e044ce0/8302-04-08-20-08-image1.png, The first and second steps should be switched. She moves her game token 5 spaces up from the start position. when high-energy particles from the Sun are trapped by Earth's magnetic field, In order to recreate the process of energy production that takes place in the Sun, scientists use. Formation of Sedimentary Rocks. How far is Neptune from the Earth? Which explains the information needed to calculate speed and velocity? Based on the tug of war pictured below, what is the net force? If astronomers discovered a new inner planet in the solar system, which characteristic would it most likely have? When an organism soft body parts are preserved in tar, amber, or ice. A linear track begins at 0 meters and has a total distance of 100 meters to the finish line. Which best describes his movement? Gene therapy only focuses on replacing mutated genes. Base your answer to the question on the two tables below and your knowledge of Earth science. Which statement best compares a trace fossil to a fossil that forms as a result of an entire organism being trapped in amber? The climate in which these mice live has slowly gotten colder. more individuals fighting over the same resources. What is the position of the object if it moves 14 units to the left? If there are only a few remaining members of an insect species living in one area, which would most likely cause this species to become extinct? Because their embryos have structures similar to gills, chickens and humans likely share a common ancestor with fish. Finch 4 is adapted to eat small insects that live in tiny holes. The carbon dioxide that is released into the air from natural sources is removed in equal measures by other natural occurrences. They have stars that might appear to wobble. a 5 mile course from the center of town heading north to the outskirts of town. Which characteristics do Jupiter and Saturn share? He turned the car one more time and went 35 meters east. By studying a fossil of a JAWBONE, you will be able to tell: Is there any living things that have not changed in millions of years? Which forces are necessary for calculating the total force? How to make models of fossils? Kelli drew a diagram to compare cast and imprint fossils. How did the Ptolemaic model differ from other proposed solar system models? Polly is pushing a box across the floor with a force of 30 N. The force of gravity is -8 N, and the normal force is 8 N. Which value could describe the force of friction if Polly could not move the box? Sonya is playing a board game, and each space on the board game measures 1 centimeter. A bowling ball collides with a pin and pushes the pin toward the right. The mouse with the mutation will survive and reproduce, and the trait will spread over future generations. alex listed the typical steps of fossil formation. (A). Which statement describes the size of the inner planets? It is the distance that light travels in a year. According to Newton's third law of motion, the balloon is pushed forward as the air is forced out. Column A should be "Time," and Column B should be "Position.". For example, there are many nights during which the temperature gets below freezing, but many days that are very warm. His speed was 2 m/s, and his velocity was 0. Which conditions are necessary for natural selection? Which statement best describes the fossil record? In its earliest stage of formation, it was uninhabitable as it clumped from a cloud of dust.. If the fossil you are trying to date occurs alongside one of these index fossils, then the fossil you are dating must fall into the age range of the index fossil. As of 2009, fossil fuels supplied about 85 percent of the world's energy demands. Sometimes multiple index fossils can be used. Which statement describes Newton's law of universal gravitation? This took 5 seconds. This makes it easier for the mouse to blend into the environment. (Formula: F=ma). Check all that apply. Which best describes the storage of the genetic code? Which characteristic do Mercury and Mars share? Use the drop-down menus to answer the questions. 1. an organism dies 2. the remains fall to the bottom of the ocean. Where in the cell do transcription and translation take place? https://media.edgenuity.com/contentengine/frames/5560e7be-cf1b-11e4-a9c8-bc764e044ce0/8302-05-05-20-08-image1.png. The ancient whale is extinct and is believed to be an ancestor of the present-day whale. c) Amber is a form of mineralized bone. Xander reached a final velocity of 4.5 m/s for 3.5 seconds. Which best explains how the padding reduces injuries? The siblings are more closely related to each other than they are to their grandparents. Start studying 19.1 The Fossil Record Answers. a) Our interpretation of the fossil record has been biased. A: Photosphere; B: Chromosphere; C: Corona. https://media.edgenuity.com/evresources/3208/3208-07/3208-07-01/3208-07-01-assessment/3208-07-01-08.png. The diagram shows the moon and Earth in space. Which lists the main components of Darwin's theory of evolution? Which explanation best answers her question? Abdid is an astronomer who has been observing objects that orbit the Sun in the asteroid belt. Read the paragraph and then answer the question. Learn about fossil information or browse Fossilicious' collection of Authentic Fossils. If organisms have many shared characteristics, they are likely to be closely related. Which statement describes how Earth compares to the moon? Crocodiles and tigers both have four legs. It usually occurs when a hydrocarbon reacts with oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and water. What is the player's momentum? Which statement describes the missing step? Which best explains a primary reason for the inability of life to exist in Earth's early atmosphere? (L). Which statement best describes the size of the outer planets? According to the geological time scale, evolved after the first insects evolved. The distance between planets varies as they move in their orbits. Which action results from the combination of gravity and inertia working on the moon? https://media.edgenuity.com/contentengine/frames/092da106-b17b-11e4-bb47-bc764e043e0c/8302-04-02-20-06-image1.png. Which statement about dwarf planet locations is correct? How much time is needed to form most fossils? What does the geologic time scale confirm about the Cretaceous period? Which event led to the formation of our solar system? It moves 9 cm to the left, then 4 cm to the right, and then 6 cm to the left. The chart shows Daniela's run through her race. They are about 3.5 billion years old and are recognizable because of their relatively complex structure and, for prokaryotes, relatively large cells. data that showed that planets reflected sunlight similar to Earth's moon. They traveled a total of 678 miles over 2 days. Which causes objects in the universe to resist a change in speed or direction? A frog's legs grow during life to help it jump farther, and it passes on the longer legs to its offspring. Which object forms when a supergiant explodes? Which phenomena help form Earth's magnetic field? There are unknown health risks to the goats. What else does she need to know in order to find the object's momentum? According to Newton's second law of motion, what is force equal to? Which would result a farmer in producing more food at a lower cost? (2) Fish and animals are more likely to become fossils than a plant because they have more HARD parts. Forms when organism are pressed between layers of rock or mud and when it decays, it leaves a carbon imprint on the rock. Which type of star system has the most stars? It moves 3 units to the right, then 4 units to the left, and then 6 units to the right. Which idea is most directly related to Lamarck's beliefs about evolution? The model was against religious teachings. The distance between the Earth and the Sun is quite large. Fungi are some of the most widely distributed organisms on Earth and are of great environmental and medical importance. Both models stated that Earth is the center of the system around which other objects orbit. An example of a homologous structure is the forelimb of a whale, a human, and a dog. Check all that apply. Why is the Copernican Revolution significant? Which condition is necessary for a mold fossil to form? Some living things such as turtles have not changed in millions of years. It presents the correct sequence of events in Earth's history. Which are examples of harmful mutations? Some insects in a population survive temperature changes and pass their traits on to their offspring. trace fossils). Which is the best example of natural selection? DNA gives instructions on how to make keratin, the protein that makes up human hair and skin. There is very little fossil evidence for this time period. What are the conditions required for natural selection? A predatory fish is introduced into a lake, resulting in a dramatic decrease in the populations of smaller fish. Paleontology is the study of the history of life on Earth as based on fossils.Fossils are the remains of plants, animals, fungi, bacteria, and single-celled living things that have been replaced by rock material or impressions of organisms preserved in rock.Paleontologists use fossil remains to understand different aspects of extinct and living organisms. https://media.edgenuity.com/evresources/8302/8302-05/8302-05-06/8302-05-06-assessment/8302-05-06-21-image1.png. Any remains or trace of a formerly living organism preserved by a natural process. Shira listed the steps for protein production in cells. Which phrase describes how Jupiter and Saturn are similar? Galaxies spin faster than they should, based on their visible matter. Which statements describe the planets? Compared to absolute dating, what is an advantage of relative dating? What is the main element that stars are made of? the introduction of new predators to the insects' environment. When you press a shell into a clay, you are making a MOLD. Which statements describe the effects of the solar wind on Earth? What is the mass of the bicycle? The process by which the organisms that are better adapted to the environment survive and reproduce is called . Which would result in higher food production at a lower cost? (K). What would the car's momentum be if its velocity doubles? Inferring from fossil - sharp, pointed teeth (N), If a fossil has a mouth of sharp, pointed teeth. Which planet is the smallest and the closest to the Sun? Even though for a majority of the race they accelerated at the same rate, Beverly won because her initial acceleration was greater than Carl's. An object is moving across a surface, but it does not gain or lose speed. Which types of solar activity could the newspaper be talking about? Some illnesses and harmful infections are caused by bacteria. Minerals replace the wood of once living trees to make petrified wood. 1.4 Table 10-1 shows a fairly detailed list of depositional environments. • It’s still not a complete list. Both stated that traits were passed on to offspring. Choose the correct answer to complete the paragraph about the acceptance of the heliocentric model. Materials were pulled together by gravity. Clownfish can lay a thousand eggs at a time. These illnesses are not related to any genetic mutations or other problems with DNA. What are the two main types of star clusters? Micah knows that a car had a change in velocity of 15 m/s. Which statement best applies Newton's laws of motion to explain the skydiver's motion? Mindy made a study chart in science class. 5th grade. A football player has a mass of 65 kg and is moving with a velocity of 5 m/s. First of all, the animal had to live in the given area! There are various problems with this list: • There’s lots of overlap among the different environments. Good signs that you're dealing with a combustion reaction include … Some plants have thorns, while others have spines. Isla's change in velocity is 30 m/s, and Hazel has the same change in velocity. This makes it difficult for the orange snakes to catch food. The scientist's goal is to produce a baby cow with DNA that is identical to the first cow. Bats have shorter forelimbs to use for flight. The first flowering plants were introduced toward the end of the Mesozoic era. Which substances compose the backbone of DNA? Which procedure took the DNA from one sheep to produce a genetically identical lamb, named Dolly? (1) At one time most plants on Earth were ferns so there are a lot of fossil imprints of ferns. Earth rotates entirely on its axis once during that time. Which pair of factors affects the force of gravity between objects? What are they working on? Daniela had a 5 meter head start, and Leonard caught up to her at 25 meters. Evolutionists believe that the Which best summarizes the scientific process that led to our current understanding of DNA? The water above many lake bottoms and many areas of the deep ocean bottom are stagnant. Which of the following statements is true of the fossil record? The inner planets are also called terrestrial planets. Most of the gas was pulled toward the center, where it became hot and dense, forming the Sun. Which equation can be used to solve for acceleration? Volcanic eruptions and comet collisions added different gases to the atmosphere. A mutation can cause a defect in human hemoglobin. Recently, a hurricane flooded most of the forest. How did Kepler describe the planets' orbits? Animals live in many environments on Earth, but not everywhere. Use the drop-down menus to identify the effect of each mutation. (Formula: F=ma), A cart accelerates at 2 m/s2 when a force of 60 N is applied. confirmed the three-dimensional structure of DNA. What causes genetic variation in a population? A researcher changes the DNA in a soybean plant so that it produces offspring with a resistance to weed killer. What is the author's purpose for writing "Your DNA at Work"? An, which best describes Darwin 's theory of evolution, taxonomy, and translation take place remain as... Objects that orbit the Sun listed below the flashcards like Matching,,. It passes on the board game, and volcanic ash are other ways that can form fossils of predators. Vestigial structures and how they relate to evolution the objects collide and bounce apart amount of water Jupiter. Token 5 spaces up from the Sun that is many kilometers across else... These illnesses are not balanced forces that measure 1 centimeter each abdid is an advantage of relative?... 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