Eggplant ladybird beetle, large 28-spotted ladybird beetle. Description: Potato aphids are larger than green peach aphids and come in both red and green. This pest is widely distributed all over India and is found associated with a number of host plants. Acyrthosiphon kondoi, the blue alfalfa aphid, also known as bluegreen aphid, is an aphid in the superfamily Aphidoidea in the order Hemiptera.It is a true bug and sucks sap from leguminous plants, particularly alfalfa (known as lucerne in most countries outside North America). Scientific / Botanical Name of Eggplant. Because of its resembles of the color and shape with an egg, it popularly became known as an eggplant. Aphids are soft-bodied, sucking insects that are sometimes called plant lice. Economic Importance. They have been found on all the cucurbits, bean, pea, eggplant, okra, spinach, tomato and cotton. A group called "woolly aphids" are covered in a white, waxy substance that resembles cotton or fuzz. In autumn, the aphids switch from host plant and reproduce sexually. A separate key may be required to differentiate the forms. In 1992, aphid populations that exceeded 50/leaf for 3 weeks, and 100/leaf for 2 weeks significantly reduced cotton plant height. white flies, thrips, jassids, aphids etc that attack almost all crops especially – in the first 30 days. Eggplant, Solanum melongena, is a tropical, herbaceous, perennial plant, closely related to tomato, in the family Solanaceae which is grown for its edible fruit.The plants has a branching stem and simple, long, flat. Among the natural enemies found were the Lady bird beetles, Spiders and Syrphids. Worldwide. Common Name. Worldwide. Following is all about Brinjal varieties and Diseases in India. In a study of late season aphids, also in Texas, one part of a field was treated to keep aphid populations below 50/leaf, while the other part had aphid densities greater than 50/leaf. Brinjal or Eggplant is an important crop of sub tropics and tropics. Leaves curl downward and pucker. The larva is a voracious predator attacking soft-bodied insects such as aphids and caterpillars of like or smaller size. Wilting and discoloration may follow. English: English potato; Irish potato; white potato Tugi (Bon.) Appearance: All aphids are soft-bodied and pear-shaped with a pair of cornicles (tailpipe-like structures) projecting from the rear end of their abdomen. The aphids that pose the most serious problem to Wisconsin vegetable production include the green peach, melon, potato and soybean aphids. It has many advantages such as: Classification and organisation – Entities are comprehensively organised which makes understanding and studying characteristics of particular entities easy and organized Scientific Name. Recommended Codes for Pest Organisms in Vegetable Crops November 2020 3 9. It belongs to the Solanales order and the Solanum genus. They attack eggplant, tomato, and potato and are most often found on young, actively growing tissue. Asia, South America (Brazil), Oceania. Description. Aphids are 1/32 to 1/8 inch in length. Aphids live in colonies. The scientific name for eggplant is Solanum melongena. The name brinjal is popular in Indian subcontinents and is derived from Arabic and Sanskrit whereas the name eggplant has been derived from the shape of the fruit of some varieties, which are white and resemble in shape to chicken eggs. Nymphs are similar to adults. Aphis gossypii. Tobacco aphids are not known to have an egg stage, and they reproduce by giving birth to live young female aphids without mating. The infestation on brinjal can be as high as 70 per cent. The presence of aphids on vegetables reduces acceptability to the customers. coarsely lobed leaves which are green in color and are arranged alternately on the branches. Management: Biological control: Many parasitoids and predators like wasp, syrphid-fly larvae, aphid lions, ladybird bettels etc attack on aphid and control them. It is advisable to use Funnel traps, Yellow & Blue sticky traps to control common pests such as. What about the aphid’s life cycle? common name: green peach aphid scientific name: Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aphididae) Introduction and Distribution - Life Cycle and Description - Host Plants - Damage - Natural Enemies - Management - Selected References Introduction and Distribution (Back to Top). . There are many aphids attacking a wide range of crops; Aphis gossypii, described here, is common in Pacific island countries. They are … Congregating on lower leaf surfaces, they pierce the plant and suck sap. Colors vary by species, but popular ones are green, yellow, or white. The larva can suck the life juice from an aphid in 90 seconds and can eat 100 aphids or more in a week. 1 Its fruit is high in nutrition and commonly consumed as a vegetable.The fruit and other parts of the plant are used in traditional medicine. Eggplant comes from the family Solanaceae and its botanical name is Solanummelongena. Also known as anglophone, aubergine, brinjal, or in the Philippines “talong”, it is a … Asian brinjal is different from US eggplant due to its growing conditions ,taste and its use. Common Name. It is one of the most serious pests of brinjal fruits and plants. Scientific names or Binomial Nomenclature is a scientific process wherein entities such as plants, animals, living entities are named and they are derived from Latin. Repeat in at least 10 locations per field. Whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) Genus: Solanum – Nightshade . Aphids hibernate as eggs. 2 Origin and distribution Wild brinjal can be found growing in Malaysia and India. The larva uses its maxillae to seize and pierce prey and inject paralyzing venom; it then sucks body fluids from its prey. Ba humbugi. January brinjal was infested by aphid, jassid, whitefly, brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Epilachna beetle and bug. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). There are many aphids attacking a wide range of crops; Aphis gossypii, described here, is common in Pacific island countries. In tropical, sub-tropical, and temperate regions. If damage is unusual or on an unlisted host plant , submit a sample of the insect to your local extension agent or … Damage. He miptera Aleyrodidae 16 2 nd October to 20th March VS 2. A Spanish dish called escalivada in Catalonia calls for strips of roasted aubergine, sweet pepper, onion, and tomato. Distribution. The melon aphid has a wide host range. Eggplant is the egg-shaped glossy black fruit with white flesh and a meaty texture. Note, the number of spots is variable and cannot be used to identify the ladybird beetles. Asia, Africa, North, South and Central America, the Caribbean, Europe, Oceania. Distribution. Aphids come in a variety of species. Epilachna (Henosepilachna) vigintioctopunctata. Cotton aphids are reported to have a greater diversity in terms of hosts, life cycle, and range, than any other aphid. Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec, and most of mainland Western Europe) or brinjal (South Asia, Malaysia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. In spring and summer, the population consists of viviparous females with an asexual reproduction cycle. Distribution. Fruits are glossy, light purple in color, 25 to 30 cm long, tender and smooth. Chemical control: Aphids can be controlled by spraying soap-water @ 25ml liquid detergent per liter of water. Aphids are small, pear-shaped, soft-bodied insects. Brinjal (Solanum melongena), also known as eggplant or aubergine, is an easily cultivated plant belonging to the family Solanaceae. Image from: Medical News Today. If the plant becomes too crowded or if it becomes late in the season and the aphids need to find a winter host, the aphids give birth to young that will grow up to have wings and can move to other plants. There are certainly other hosts not reported. In tropical, sub-tropical, and temperate regions. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Their young are able to produce young as well without mating. Table.1 Incidence of insect pests and natural enemies in brinjal crop in Rewa district during Kharif & Rabi 2016-2017 S. No. Melon or cotton aphid. Aphis gossypii: melon aphid: APHIDS: Macrosiphum euphorbiae: potato aphid: APHIDS: Myzus persicae: green peach aphid: APHIDS: Adoretus sinicus Origin and distribution Wild brinjal can be controlled by spraying soap-water @ 25ml liquid per! 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