Shoot and fruit borer: Leucinodes orbonalis (Pyraustidae: ... Thailand, Burma, Srilanka, Laos, South Africa, Congo. 1. There was no significant linear association between ascorbic acid content and SOSm (r=0.10) but we found a significant but low correlation (r=0.34*) between SOSw and ascorbic acid content. Despite a clear increase in pesticide use, crop losses have not significantly decreased during the last 40 years. Introduction. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. was evaluated at National Agriculture Research Centre, Islamabad during 2007-08 and 2008-09. The standard check, carbaryl (Sevin 50 WP) @ 0.1% and an untreated check were included. p>The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of botanicals namely neem leaf extract, neem oil, mahogany oil, mahogany oil + mahogany cake, garlic extract, tobacco leaf extract along with an untreated control to manage brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB). The polyphagous larvae are primarily foliage feeders, but are also known to feed on and damage apple fruit [3]. Karate and Biobit were applied at rate of 2.5 ml/L (800 ml/ha) and 0.8 g/L (0.24 kg/ha), respectively. Brinjal (Solanum melongena . ), Acraea pharsalus pharsalus (Ward. H. lupulus and Arctium lappa extracts were deleterious to larvae in each of the bioassay methods conducted, exhibiting toxic, developmental, and antifeedant effects. Due to azinphos-methyl resistance, population densities of this pest have increased in commercial apple growing regions in the Eastern United States [5]. Species: Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenne, 1854) Common Name: Brinjal fruit and shoot borer Damaging Stage: Larvae Crops Afected: Eggplant Characteristics Damage: Attacks flowers, flower buds, young shoot tips, stems and fruits. 2 0 obj The larva of brinjal shoot and fruit borer burrows into the petioles and tender shoots. Botanicals are moderate in their efficacy in reducing the fruit borer damage in brinjal. 3 0 obj The SOSm and SOSw produced similar results, evidenced by the highly significant linear correlation (0.79**) between the two assays. It is a major and regular pest of brinjal causing damage to even 30 -50% of fruits or more. Agricultural Research Institute, Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangla, Rath, L. K. and B. K. Maity. High AOA varieties will tend to be small-fruited. The yield loss varies from season to season and from location to location. Among crops, the total global potential loss due to pests varied from about 50% in wheat to more than 80% in cotton production. leaf extract @ 5.0 %, Calotropis gigantea. Key words: Integrated nutrient management, INM, Brinjal, Solanaceous vegetables. The plant products were moderately effective compared to the standard check, carbaryl. Percent of fruit infestation was minimum in V4 (BARI begun-6) (25.16%, 27.42% and 25.40% at three stages respectively). 4 0 obj Neem: A natural pesticide, Flubendiamide as an IPM Component for the Ma, Murugesam, N. and T. Murugesh. Systematic Position: Phylum – Arthropoda Class – Insecta ADVERTISEMENTS: Order – Lepidoptera Family – Pyraustidae ADVERTISEMENTS: Genus – Leucinodes Species – orbonalis Distribution: In India this pest enjoy a country wide distribution. Physiological re-sistance to other broad-spectrum insecticides and newer chemistries such as insect growth regulators has been also identified for several compounds including chlorpyrifos, esfenvalerate, and tebufenozide [4, 8]. 1 0 obj 1). Mean number of larvae per infested shoo, material and overhead cost were recorded for all treatments on unit plot basis and, brinjal production for controlling brinja, Table 4. Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh: BARI. Obliquebanded leafrollers are major pests in apple grow-ing regions throughout the U.S.A. and Canada [4]. Use of neem leaf extract was highly effective to reduce the shoot and fruit infestation as well as to get higher yield. 94. Female starts eggs laying on the same day or a day after mating. Shoot and fruit borer, is the most destructive pest of brinjal. Karate and ANSE also significantly (p < 0.05) reduced percentage fruit damage, number of borers per fruit and the activities of leaf feeders. There are different types of management for the control of this insect. Biology of a brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guen. The effect of each treatment on insect abundance, defoliators, shoot, bud and fruit borers were determined. stream 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. Univ. Lower infested shoot and fruits (0.33 and 2.3 plant 1, respectively) and percentage (2.2 and 9.3%, respectively) were also found in T4 while infested fruits weight and its percentage had also lower (0.25 kg plant 1 and 9.3%, respectively) in T . Protection of shoot and fruit borer had higher over control 4 (92.5 and 91.3%, respectively) and fruit yield increment over control had higher (61.7%) in T4. Farmers are currently using too many pesticides and applying them too frequently to control EFSB. The caterpillar bores into young growing shoots, Petioles, midrib of leaves and fruits leaving no sign of entry. �[�R�b����Ho,�4!�XU�$J�5@UtUu[�Jk�3����jv�`��fS����0�?M��Z��il�T!9/yk�0 LK~�~Rp�'��*e]��`!|�az�'���TNֳ�I=Y%&1�5++������e��9��1�}�ቪIp�N��zz������lV��sq�mh�n�Z�: w}��Q+�~�16F����fX�� oW#�f���N�k&J��ވ��E�l�0��Mvj�̭kusyvpFM����C�15���d�3����q� �LV��g.6���{t��'��)�Ar*����R&�Bqb:��F�����凭�_|2�Qmr��D7�'�I~p�LBc�E��"av�Z�C�T_d� ��Tͣ1�1��'��@e�@�Gc�3b`�{�� x�A�~ڌ������(T���|(�� >���� Protection of shoot and fruit borer had higher over control 4 (92.5 and 91.3%, respectively) and fruit yield increment over control had higher (61.7%) in T4. India is bestowed with vast diversity of flora, fauna, soil and agro climatic conditions. metric tonnes of brinjal which is grown on > 500,000 ha. cultivar i.e. of Brinjal causing losses up to 65%. It is an internal borer which damages the tender shoots and fruits. <>/Metadata 225 0 R/ViewerPreferences 226 0 R>> Which were followed by Neem oil (6.306%, 6.556% and 1:4.78) < NSKE (6.580%, 7.253% and 1:4.46) < Pongamia oil (7.346%, 7.273%, and 1:3.79) < Iluppai oil (7.656%, 7.793%, and 1:3.68) Garlic bulb extract (8.056%, 8.240% and 1:3.49) < Tobacco leaf extract (8.646%, 8.520% and 1:3.10) �*�:��2H��Xq�nq$� \c��1�1�4dIh���4q�7��OO��&��]1m'����c��� q�dc6�N���t��SƏt�#�ۦTi��y� ��dCPo��QU6)`���N�ˬ v�3G��m�ͥ�v����)�&�q�3����i�q��z�����b�Ժ����p��!F����/ ��,�I3٬>N!�z�5��g�r9� �՗ʁ�fd$�f6����Qp������I�h����\x翍��@78�i��6��!��5l�|�7���:�(E0P��q,`��C���9�d��F� C��5 ��}v91�^r��&�"����J�;2a�W��'������%O1�T`�~���mm����Y�����IL �8��KI�2P�I����A& 1090XO�I� ����¨���I2h�9�V�mقm�Y�X��$82B�9#4�^|�X�&b�U5�`�q��dn. Conclusion Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer is serious pest of brinjal. Infested fruits have small holes surrounded with brownish areas on fruit surface. Percent shoot infestation reduction over control at different stages, . and working-out dosages for management of Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer under laboratory condition, Management of Brinjal Fruit and Shoot Borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee) in Nepal, Plant Extract for the management of brinjal shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee), Managing infestation levels of major insect pests of garden eggs (Solanum integrifolium L.) with aqueousneem seed extracts, Bioefficacy of some plant products against brinjal fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee (Lepidoptera : Pyrallidae), Future of botanical pesticides in rice, wheat, pulses and vegetables pest management, Toxicity and Antifeedant Activity of Selected Plant Extracts Against Larval Obliquebanded Leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana(Harris), Evaluation of flubendiamide as an IPM component for the management of brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, Diversity in eggplant (Solanum melongena) for superoxide scavenging activity, total phenolics, and ascorbic acid. Gupta, R. C. and N. P. Singh. Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) extracts have demonstrated potency in scavenging reactive oxygen species that are implicated in many human diseases. It is an internal borer which damages the tender shoots and fruits. Between the two species the per cent parasitism was higher in T. chilonis compared to T. evanescens, i.e., 68.0 and 75.6 per cent, and 55.9 and 72.6 per cent in dosages @ 100000 and 150000/ha, respectively. Two main aspects of botanical pesticides , one search and exploitation of new botanicals as pesticides including isolation, identification and evaluation of the active components and another use of botanicals in agriculture in different forms like direct spray applications of the various plant materials, soil amendments for different plant parts, intercropping of biologically active plants with the main crop, botanical grain protectants, use of botanical based synthetic pesticidal formulations and also use of botanicals as synergists/ binders for synthetic pesticides. All rights reserved. Percent fruit infestation reduction over co, larvae per infested shoot at early fr, (3.20) and the lowest in mahogany oil + mahogany cake (1.07) followed by neem, Table 3. wheat, pulses and vegetables pest management. Incorporation of Bifora radians and H. lupulus into diet deterred larval feeding at a 1 % concentration by weight. The concept of integrated pest/crop management includes a threshold concept for the application of pest control measures and reduction in the amount/frequency of pesticides applied to an economically and ecologically acceptable level. Mostofa Kamal: ISSN 0258-7122 (Print), 2408-8293 (Online), covers about 15% of the total vegeta, Agrotechnology Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, botanicals for the management of brinjal shoo, season (April-October) and scantly rainfall wi, experimental plot was divided into 3 blocks each containing 7 units plots. Neem cake extract (51.97 %) and C. gigantea (51.34 %) were also quite effective in Kharif crop reducing fruit damage by more than 50 percent. brinjal shoot and fruit borer on ‘Neelkanth’ varied from 3-5 days with a mean duration of 3.72±0.27 days (Table 1) whereas, on 'Pusa Purple Long' the incubation period varied from 3-5 days with a mean duration of 3.51±0.31days (Table 2). This suggests that neem seed extract and Biobit had little or no systemic action against shoot and bud borers of the crop in the field. Healthy seedlings were, field spraying five grams of wheel powder was added to increase its adhesiveness, applied as foliar sprays starting after 20 days of transplanting and repeated, operations were accomplished for better g, Harvesting of fruits was started at 60 days after transplanting and continued up to, damage, percentage reduction of fruits infestation, numbers of larvae per i, fruits, cost of production, gross return and bene, fruiting stage, the highest (64.44%) percent shoot infestation reduction over, lowest (27.63%) in the garlic extract applied p, Table 1. leaf extract @ 5.0 %, neem cake extract @ 5.0 %, neem oil @ 2.0 %, Nimbecidine ® @ 2 ml /lit, Pongamia glabra Linn. The lowest number of larvae per infested shoot was recorded 1.10 and 1.08 in the same treatment at early and mid fruiting stage, respectively but notat vegetative stage and late fruiting stages. management of brinjal shoot and fruit borer. Cultivar Naeelam showed maximum fruit infestation (58.60 and 48.09%) followed by Black long (47.93 and 33.31%). Brinjal shoot and fruit borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) is th ubiquitous insect pest. INTRODUCTION The Obliquebanded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris), is a tortricid moth with a wide host range including woody plants in the Rosaceae as well as Ulmus, Populus, Quercus, Betula, and Tilia [1]. Response of different aubergine cultivars against brinjal shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee.) Resistance to organophophates is also becoming prevalent in Canada [6, 7]. Three application of six botanical. R. Br. The plant products were moderately effective against fruit damage too. The efficacy of crop protection was higher in cash crops than in food crops. Infestation of brinjal shoot and fruit borer to fruit rose by 10.2I% in number and 9.72% in weight in untreated plots.There was a significant variation of per cent reduction of brinjal shoot and fruit borer infested fruit among the different treatments at 2 nd application after fruit setting. Often minor crop losses are economically acceptable; however, an increase in crop productivity without adequate crop protection does not make sense, because an increase in attainable yields is often associated with an increased vulnerability to damage inflicted by pests. In a no choice context, larval survivorship was reduced 23 -57 % after feeding on a meridic pinto bean diet treated with the extracts. Leucinodes orbonalis, the eggplant fruit and shoot borer or brinjal fruit and shoot borer, is a moth species in the genus Leucinodes.It is found in the tropics of Asia, and it is a minor pest in the Americas.Furthermore, it has been intercepted in imports of Solanaceae fruits from Asia and has been taken at light in the UK presumably as an result of such importations. Benefit Cost Ratio of brinjal production, Means followed by common letter(s) in a colu, of brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB) to en. ), Zonocerus variegatus L., Eulioptera sp., Urentius hystericellus (Richter) and Phaneroptera nana (Stal.). Productivity of crops grown for human consumption is at risk due to the incidence of pests, especially weeds, pathogens and animal pests. (Journal of the Ghana Science Association: 2001 3(3): 70-84). brinjal shoot and fruit borer is also native to India due to its monophagous nature. Brinjal Fruit and Shoot Borer (BFSB)Leucinodes orbonalis Management. Similarly, shoot infestation was found maximum in Naeelam (43.15 and 33.75%) followed by Kanha-091 (37.72 and 28.73 %) and Nirala was found to be least attacked by the pest showing 19.27 and 15.81% shoot infestation during 2007-08 and 2008-09, respectively. We evaluated 33 S. melongena accessions and two S. aethiopicum accessions from the AVRDC Solanum collection for superoxide scavenging (SOS) activity with methanol (SOSm) and water (SOSw) extracts, and contents of total phenolics and ascorbic acid. %���� The correlation of different morphological plant characters with fruit infestation indicated very strong and negative correlation between fruit infestation and leaf trichomes, stem thickness and stem hair density. This is a video clip produced by trainee of 3 days training on "communicating science through video presentations". Use of botanicals is now emerging as one of the important means to be used in protection of crop produce and the environment from pesticidal pollution, which is a global problem. Bangladesh J. Agril. Among the various pests and diseases of brinjal, the brinjal fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee creates huge losses and is a huge menace to the brinjal production throughout the world. Insects from seven major orders (Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Odonata, Orthoptera, Diptera, Hemiptera and Hymenoptera) were found associated with the local garden egg. A negatively significant correlation was found between fruit infestation and plant height (r = – 0.716), crown hair density (r = – 0.672) while the correlations of leaf hair density (r = – 0.623), and leaf area (r = – 0.613), was also significant and negative but not so strong. endobj Accessions S00062 (white with green stripes), S00022 (light purple and mottled fruit), and S00197 (orange-coloured S. aethiopicum accession) displayed high AOA. x��=�r����?L�LY���$u��}.�sI�٭�$EI��H-E��>���_.��`8�,�m�U��������_ow���|W��/���f���Y�������pw�x�vv�\�v�������\����l�����7���|��*+��4JU! have been studied during both the years under laboratory condition. Ten plant products were evaluated against Leucinodes orbonalis. In this chapter, the authors focus on the future of botanical pesticides with special references to agriculture. Brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BFSB) is a very important pest on brinjal and is one of the main impediments to brinjal production across the country. The losses caused by various pests were estimated to … There was no association between fruit colour and high SOS. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Among biotic factors, eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB) (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee) is considered by far the most damaging pest of eggplant (Taylo et al., 2016). Weed control can be managed mechanically or chemically, therefore worldwide efficacy was considerably higher than for the control of animal pests or diseases, which rely heavily on synthetic chemicals. Water traps were used to monitor the effect of the three products on the abundance of insect fauna associated with crop. Totally, there were 21 unit plots. The responses are estimated as losses of 26–29% for soybean, wheat and cotton, and 31, 37 and 40% for maize, rice and potatoes, respectively. Highly significant differences were detected among accessions for SOS activities with accession means ranging from 26% to 60% nitro blue tetrazolium (NBT) reduction inhibition for SOSm, and 40% to 81% NBT reduction inhibition for SOSw. extract @ 5.0 %. T4 had higher on total shoots (16.0 plant ), healthy shoots (15.7 plant ), total fruits 1 1 (25.3 plant 1), healthy fruits (23.0 plant 1), fruits weight (2.7 kg plant 1), healthy fruits weight (2.7 kg plant 1) and fruit yield (36.2 t ha 1). T3: Ata leaf extract, T4: Neem leaf extract, T5: Tobacco leaf extract, T6: Mahogony seed extract, T7: Aktara 25 WG and T8: Control. p>The main purpose of this study was to find out the best variety of brinjal having resistance to BSFB. They were: Azadirachta indica A. Juss. Crop losses due to these harmful organisms can be substantial and may be prevented, or reduced, by crop protection measures. An overview is given on different types of crop losses as well as on various methods of pest control developed during the last century. Content available from Md. 43(3): 431-440, September 20181=BARI begun-1. [Q��h+[^lϟ��o���g�>��j��?�eRL�Q|����oMW~���������^mv��Uz�m6�C����Do��KUu�F��x�w��t)��"?����� Host range Brinjal, potato, other wild plants belonging to solanaceae, peas. Council (BARC). endobj The number of larvae per infested fruit was similarly lowest having 1.50, 1.06 and 1.07 at early, mid and late fruiting stage, respectively using the same approach. However, pesticide use has enabled farmers to modify production systems and to increase crop productivity without sustaining the higher losses likely to occur from an increased susceptibility to the damaging effect of pests. Minimum percent of shoot infestation, percent fruit infestation and B:C ratio were observed in cypermethrin 25 EC with (5.980%, 6.280% and 1:5.25) respectively. Mostofa Kamal. At times, entire crops can be lost. These two extracts may be promising candidates for further development as botanical insecticides that could potentially substitute broad-spectrum synthetic neurotoxins for leafroller control. New Airport Road, Farmgate, Dhaka 1215. http://www.fao.org Retrived on 25 February, 2014). Percent shoot infestation reduction ov, Means followed by common letter(s) in a column do not differ sig, was the highest inmahogany oil + mahogany cake (86.70%, 85.08% and 85.50%), Application of trap and peak neem afforded 47.70% pro, Table 2. There was positive correlation with fruit yield (q/acre) and positive and non significant correlation with number of primary branches/plant with r-value 0.661and 0.319, respectively. This indicates that Karate had adverse effects on beneficial insects in the garden egg ecosystem. while minimum was observed in Nirala with 24.75 and 21.57% fruit infestation during 2007-08 and 2008-09, respectively. Treatment Common name Trade name Manufacturer Dose T1 Spinosad Tracer 240SC Dow Agrosciences 60ml/acre (148.26 ml/ ha) T2 Flubendiamide Belt 48SC Bayer Cropscience 50ml/acre (74.13 ml/ha) T3 … Estimates on potential and actual losses despite the current crop protection practices are given for wheat, rice, maize, potatoes, soybeans, and cotton for the period 2001–03 on a regional basis (19 regions) as well as for the global total. Accession means for total phenolics content averaged over years ranged from 0.74 to 1.43 g/100 g dry weight basis, although differences were not statistically significant due to a large accession–year interaction mean square. Two of the plant extracts exhibited contact toxicity; the LC 50 value of Humulus lupulus extract against 3 rd insar larvae was 24.5 μg / insect. Brinjal shoot and fruit borer Accepted: November 20, 2017 (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee) is one of major chewing insect pest of brinjal and its infestation cause severe losses to this crop. VI: 339-343: 2014 AN INTERNATIONAL QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES www.theecoscan.in SEASONAL INCIDENCE OF SHOOT AND FRUIT BORER (LEUCINODES ORBONALIS G.) ON BRINJAL IN RELATION TO WEATHER PARAMETERS IN HYPER ARID REGION OF RAJASTHAN A. K. Meena et al., KEYWORDS Brinjal … endobj V2=BARI begun-4, V3=BARI begun-5, V4=BARI begun-6, V5=BARI begun-7, V6=BARI begun-8, V7=BARI begun-9, V8=BARI begun-10, V9=Makra, V10=Muktokashi, V11=Lalita, V12=Hazra, V13=Chaga. Among the all characters control treatment produced lower results in this study. Shoot and fruit borer, is the most destructive pest of brinjal. potato, tomato), mango, sweet potato and pea. Effect of selected botanicals on brinjal yield, Table 5. BRINJAL SHOOT AND FRUIT BORER MANAGEMENT WITH INSECTICIDES 1415 Table I.- Treatments for brinjal shoot and fruit borer (L. orbonalis) control at Sahiwal on brinjal (S. melongena) shoot and fruit. With proper timing and innovative methods of application, aqueous neem seed extract can be used as alternative or supplement to synthetic insecticide for the management of vegetable pests of local garden eggs by resource poor farmers. 2009. %PDF-1.7 Mating has been observed on the same day or a day after emergence. In Pakistan farmers mostly rely on the chemicals to control pests. The damages caused by BSFB reduce a great amount of yield and economical losses. on kharif season brinjal [Solanum melongena (L.)] under field condition." In earlier field studies, The present investigation was undertaken entitled Efficacy of certain botanical insecticides against shoot and fruit borer [Leucinodes orbonalis (Gune.)] (Biobit), a synthetic insecticide (Karate 2.5 EC) and an untreated control (water only). 2002. 2005. The percent shoot infestation reduction over control was the highest in mahogany oil + mahogany cake treated plot resulting 62.39%, 64.44%, 67.86% and 71.05% reduction at vegetative stage and early, mid and late fruiting stage, respectively. Larval feeding causes wilting of shoots and fruit rotting. Brinjal is one of the important vegetable crops grown in India and all throughout the world. leaf extract @ 5.0 %, Prosopis juliflora Linn. The incidence of the pest is sporadic and outbreaks every year throughout the country as well as in the Indian sub-continent (Dhankar, 1988). Gangwan and Sachan (1981) reported 26.3 to 22.5 per cent fruit damage due to this pest, which may go as high as 20 to 92 per cent in Kharif season (Singh, 1983). The most diverse cluster VI had the second ranking genotypes with regard to fruit yield and quality but the fruit peel was almost devoid of anthocyanin pigment and these genotypes were most susceptible to the infestation of brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BCB-11, BCB-50). Environmental differences between the 2 years influenced expression of SOSm, but the ranking of accessions for SOSm activity was very consistent between years. Brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BFSB) is a very important pest on brinjal and is one of the main impediments to brinjal production. The major insect pests of the crop included the shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis (Guen. N Save Nature to Survive ISSN: 0974 - 0376 : Special issue, Vol. [ 6, 7 ] pest is active in moderate climates throughout the world to the of. Adverse effects on beneficial insects in the garden egg ecosystem crops such other! 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