Lower Snake River Dam Breach Mitigation Plan and Cost 2020.. Economic Anthology: A Collection of Works 1.28.2019. The Role of Columbia/Snake River in Providing Prey for Orcas BPA Statement: “While we recognize that Southern Resident Killer Whales utilize Columbia and Snake River stocks, they are really not the limiting prey for these species. BPA’s 2018-2023 Strategic Plan 01.2018. This decision impacts the operations at the lower four Snake River dams by requiring the dams to spill more water, decreasing the electrical output of the dams and estimating an increase in cost of 2-3 percent. The “legal requirements” BPA cites as another cause for its rising wholesale power price are primarily mitigation costs for the loss of fish and wildlife caused by the federal dams, including Snake River salmon and steelhead. A BPA press release identified three driving forces behind the agency’s most recent increase of 5.4%. Snake River Dams (LSRDs) — but BPA has chosen to await the results of a federal court-ordered Environmental Impact Study due in 2021 to determine the LSRDs’ fate. This could be the sixth time federal hydropower plans for the Columbia and Snake River dams end up in court. . READ ON. The price of power on the spot market touched $58 per Megawatt hour (MWh) in 2008, hovered around $30 per MWh 2010-2014, and dropped into the low $20s by 2016. In doing so, the Corps and BPA will avoid financial and biological losses, decrease power rates for Washington, and finally put an end to a + 25 year-long debate. Let’s take a closer look. . The agency could double down on its false claim that juvenile and adult fish passage at lower Snake River dams is not a problem while ignoring juvenile survival rates through the hydro system of just 50% due to slow travel times through reservoirs, elevated water temperatures, and fish predation—as well as dam passage itself. . “What that means is that in very low-water years, taking those dams out removes a significant — about 6 percent — of Bonneville’s resources. . After nearly 20 years of mitigation efforts and the expenditure of billions of ratepayer dollars, some Snake River wild fish runs were recently described in Idaho newspapers as being in a state of collapse and in serious jeopardy of extinction. Das Kraftwerk Lower Granite (englisch Lower Granite Lock and Dam) ist ein Laufwasserkraftwerk im Bundesstaat Washington, USA.Es ist die 15. It allows for more springtime spill over dams to help juvenile salmon migrating out to the Pacific Ocean. Mitigation costs in FY 2016 were $622 million, reported to be 33% of BPA’s power production costs. The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) loses millions of dollars each year from the Lower Snake River Dams. It must all be paid back, with interest. In the report, the Army Corps of Engineers, Bureau of Reclamation and BPA called for spilling more water over the dams at strategic times to help fish migrate faster.The three agencies said they looked at balancing the needs of the environment as well as the … BPA support of this type of research stands in stark contrast to peer-reviewed, scientifically rigorous studies that most fish biologists endorse. Removal of the dams would take about 730 megawatts of energy from the carrying capability of the BPA, Paschal said. Support for the Snake River Dams. The fight over salmon and dams on the Columbia and Snake rivers could be going back to the courtroom. While it’s great when it is available, the wind can’t be relied on to blow at the precise time the region needs power and it’s also tremendously variable; during the worst of the cold weather, wind generation ranged from 3,370 MW to 74 MW. In a third scenario, BPA could acknowledge the major changes occurring in the power markets, the serious aging of the LSR dams’ infrastructure, and the dramatic decline of Snake River salmon and steelhead with no meaningful progress toward the recovery of threatened and endangered species. These dams will be breached in the future due to the economics. . This page location is: BPA.gov - Bonneville Power Administration Federal agencies have finalized a plan that will keep the Snake River Dams in place. They are part of the problematic aging U.S. infrastructure that requires more money for maintenance every year. These dams will be breached in the future due to the economics. Dams provide more than 4% to BPAOne of the most confusing issues is the repeated statement the lower Snake River dams only contribute 4% to BPA’s total. The reservoir behind the dam is named Lake Celilo and runs 24 miles (39 km) up the river channel, to the foot of John Day Dam.The dam is operated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), and the power is marketed by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Brad Little publicly blasted the legislative branch Friday, accusing lawmakers of “playing politics” with his coronavirus emergency declaration and threatening the lives of Idahoans. Mainzer said he views the Snake River dams as an integral part of the federal hydropower system that produces carbon-free electricity. But Simpson’s remarks dominated the conference. . Historically, BPA has beefed up its bottom line with sales of surplus power on the spot market; that is, power not contracted to preferred customers such as public utility districts. BPA included in its power rate request a plan to increase its reserve account to a minimally acceptable $300 million by including an additional $20 million per year in its budget. . 2. The Lower Snake River Dams produce some of the highest cost power in the BPA system. The expenditure of billions of ratepayer dollars has not saved threatened and endangered Snake River salmon and steelhead. . Response: The Columbia Basin is one of the most important sources of sa lmon for the Southern Resident orcas. After … They generate about 1,024 aMW, representing about 12 percent of BPA's average annual energy generation. Fitch Ratings called attention to the predictable results of BPA’s long-delayed asset investments. Snake River dams produce almost as much annual average megawatts as BPA’s conservation programs have achieved in 27 years – at an investment of more than $2.3 billion: Four lower Snake River dams: . On Friday, the federal government released it’s Final Environmental Impact Statement regarding the four lower Snake River dams. In its 2002 Lower Snake River Juvenile Salmon Migration Feasibility Report, the Walla Walla District of the Corps of Engineers stated that the 24 turbines in the LSR dams each has a useful life of 35-45 years. The dams span about 110 river miles of the lower Snake, from near its confluence with the Columbia River. At $46 million each, the total price for rehabbing twenty-four turbines on the lower Snake would be over one billion dollars—all to be borne by BPA ratepayers. Some groups fighting for the survival of the Columbia–Snake River Basin’s salmon are taking a more limited approach to dam removal, asking BPA to get rid of only a select few. 3. The four Lower Snake River projects have the ability to produce 3,033 MW of electricity at peak capacity for a short period of time if there is both high water storage and high river flows, according to the Lower Snake River Dams Stakeholder Engagement … Time is running out for BPA. The future of salmon and steelhead runs in Idaho, both wild and hatchery, greatly depends upon the presence of a fish-friendly migratory corridor for both juvenile and adult salmon and steelhead. In Fig. In the report, the Army Corps of Engineers, Bureau of Reclamation and BPA called for spilling more water over the dams at strategic times to help fish migrate faster. Here is what BPA found: 1) It will cost BPA’s ratepayers $400 million to $550 million a year to replace all the power capabilities lost through breaching the lower Snake River dams. 6. This page location is: BPA.gov - Bonneville Power Administration It’s simply a matter of time before the federal agencies admit it. In 2018 and into the future, with less demand and falling prices, BPA’s spot power revenues will likely continue to decline. Now, they’re ready to sue. What is … Snake River dams. “Many assets will also be forced to operate well beyond their design lives, posing a significant maintenance burden in the future in order to keep assets in service until their replacement dates.” For most of the LSR dam turbines, the end of turbine design life is already here. Lower Snake River Dams (LSRDs). Controversy Far From Over. Dam, the cost of rehabbing twenty-two LSRD turbines after 2030 would exceed a billion dollars. . BPA – Bonneville Power Administration DREW – Drawdown Regional Economic Workgroup Ecosystem Services – Benefits people derive from nature, free of charge. BPA doesn't have that analysis for the Lower Snake River dams. It is part of an extensive system of dams on the Columbia and Snake Rivers.. Here’s why: all the energy produced by the LSRDs is surplus power—extra energy that’s not needed to sufficiently supply the PNW—and so it’s sold on the open market. By Courtney Flatt September 29, 2020. After nearly 20 years of mitigation efforts and the expenditure of billions of ratepayer dollars, some Snake River … Its survival and ability to meet the “vast public responsibilities” to which it swears allegiance require immediate action. But all remaining salmon on its largest tributary, the Snake River, are facing extinction. It allows for more springtime spill over dams to help juvenile salmon migrating out to the Pacific Ocean. Almost all industries that once used the LSR for freight transportation have abandoned the river, and freight volumes have declined by over 50%. Even though they are loosing money, BPA continues their campaign to justify the Snake River Dams. The Corps has budgeted turbine rehabilitation at McNary Dam on the Columbia for $46 million per unit. The gold standard of salmon survival and recovery is smolt to adult return ratios (SARs). What course might BPA choose? Linwood Laughy Moscow, Idaho lochsalaughy@yahoo.com. To replace that, they are going to put in 4,500 megawatts of renewable resources. Columbia and Snake river dams, such as The Dalles Dam shown here, spill more water than they ever have before to help young fish move downstream to the ocean. The new blades will be more fish friendly and efficient for power generation. The 2020 spring spill operation, a critical time for migrating juvenile fish, is nearing its seasonal end on the Columbia and Snake rivers. Bonneville and the Corps are providing information on three categories: 1) Capital Hydropower Improvement Projects; 2) Columbia River Fish Mitigation (CRFM) Projects; and 3) Other Non-Power Capital Projects (e.g. The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) was created by the federal government in 1937 to market and transmit the electricity generated by the 31 dams on the Columbia River and it’s tributaries, as well as the Hanford nuclear power plant in Washington. Columbia and Snake river dams, such as The Dalles Dam shown here, spill more water than they ever have before to help young fish move downstream to the ocean. Meanwhile, the cost of PNW wind and solar energy continues its steady decline, and the owners of new power-hungry server farms (e.g. U.S. Judge Keen On Possible Dam Removal. Now, they’re ready to sue. 1,190 aMW Together, the four Snake River dams supply 12 percent The fight over salmon and dams on the Columbia and Snake rivers could be going back to the courtroom. Projecting a recovery period for these fish of 50-100 years, the federal government’s 2017 Recovery Plan “contains an extensive list of actions” costing hundreds of millions of dollars. . 5. On Friday, the federal government released it’s Final Environmental Impact Statement regarding the four lower Snake River dams. For example, according to a recent report from the Fish Passage Center, the return of the lower Snake to a more natural flow through dam breaching, combined with increased spill at the lowest four dams on the Columbia, would result in a four-fold (400%) increase in adult salmon reaching Idaho. . They are part of the problematic aging U.S. infrastructure that requires more money for maintenance every year. 3. we can see how hydro generation peaks to meet winter power needs and again in the spring when the snowpack melts (see the blue trace in the chart). Recent below-normal temperatures have underscored the value of the Snake River dams as a Northwest power resource. Some groups fighting for the survival of the Columbia–Snake River Basin’s salmon are taking a more limited approach to dam removal, asking BPA to get rid of only a select few. Since the turn of the 21st century, cheap natural gas has resulted in the addition of over 5,000 annual Megawatts (aMW) of power to the Pacific PNW grid. Like LSR freight transportation over the past 20 years, in this scenario power production would steadily decline, further undermining claims about the importance of the dams in the PNW power grid. This represents over 10 percent The non-profit federal agency is required by law to balance After four years of study, the Record of Decision makes the federal agencies’ preferred option official. Conservation and fishing groups say the federal government’s newest plans to manage dams and protect salmon is inadequate. On June 25, 2020, Benton PUD Board of Commissioners passed a resolution in support of the Federal Columbia River Power System and the Four Lower Snake River Dams. July 31, 2020. With a 16% power surplus projected to last over the next 20 years, the LSR dams produce just 6.5% of the PNW’s hydropower. Four aging dams in Washington state block passage along the lower Snake River, a major migration corridor linking pristine cold water streams in central Idaho to the mighty Columbia River … For those interested in salmon and steelhead recovery and a sustainable fishery, as well as all BPA electrical ratepayers throughout the PNW, BPA’s decision to breach or maintain these aging dams is highly significant. (A related observation: Congressional authorization to maintain these dams, their turbines and the navigation channel, should not be seen as, and is not, a Congressional mandate.) . It is our opinionefficiency and demand response measures along with clean , hydropower can be implemented together to reach Washington’s clean energy goals. Fitch Ratings, along with Moody’s and Standard and Poor’s one of the nation’s top three bond rating agencies, notes that at the end of FY 2015, BPA had $395 million in its power business reserves, with estimates of reserves in 2017 of just $11 million. . Information on the CRSO NEPA process can be found here: The documents below meet the criteria established in the, Montana Renewable Development Action Plan, Lower Snake River Dam and Reservoir Projects – Capital Hydropower Improvement Projects, BPA.gov - Bonneville Power Administration, (June 8, 2017) IHR Main Unit 4-6 Surface Air Cooler Upgrades, (June 8, 2017) IHR Station Service Transformers Replacement - (transformers TWO and TJO), (June 8, 2017) IHR Surge Arrester 115kV Disconnect Upgrades, (June 8, 2017) IHR Transformer Deluge Fire Protection System Upgrades, (Oct 24, 2018) Ice Harbor Fire Alarm and Control System Installation, (Nov 14, 2018) IHR Intake Gantry Crane Controls Upgrade, (Feb 27, 2019) IHR Powerhouse Sequence of Event Recorder, Annunciation, and SC/SCC Upgrades, (August 30, 2019) IHR Intake Gate Hydraulic System Upgrade, (June 8, 2017) LGS Drainage and Unwatering Pump Replacement, (June 8, 2017) LGS Headgate Repair Pit Upgrade, (June 8, 2017) LGS Powerhouse Roof Replacement, (August 22, 2018) LGS Trashrake Crane and Rake Upgrade, (Oct 24, 2018) LGS Fire Alarm and Control System Installation, (Feb 8, 2019) LGS Unit 5 Upper Bearing Bracket, (Feb 27, 2019) LGS Powerhouse Sequence of Event Recorder, Annunciation, SCC, and Diesel Generator Controls Upgrades, (Oct 11, 2019) LGS Intake Gate Refurbishment, (March 20, 2020) LGS DC System and LV Switchgear Upgrade, (June 25, 2020) LGS Discharge Ring Upgrade and Turbine Cavitation Repair, (June 8, 2017) LWG Juvenile Fish Facility System Upgrade, (August 16, 2017) LWG Main Units 1-6 Digital Governors Installation, (June 12, 2018) LWG Main Unit 2 Blade Sleeve Upgrade, (July 31, 2018) LWG DC System and LV Switchgear Upgrades, (August 22, 2018) LWG Trashrake Crane and Rake Upgrade, (Oct 24, 2018) LWG Fire Alarm and Control System Installation, (Feb 27, 2019) LWG Powerhouse Sequence of Event Recorder, Annunciation, and Diesel Generator Controls Upgrades, (August 27, 2019) LWG DC System and LV Switchgear Upgrades Expansion, (Oct 11, 2019) LWG Intake Gate Refurbishment, (June 8, 2017) LMN Direct Current (DC) System, Governor Oil Pump System, and Low Voltage Switchgear Upgrades, (June 8, 2017) LMN Drainage and Unwatering Pump Replacement, (February 7, 2018) LMN Headgate Repair Pit Upgrade, (August 22, 2018) LMN Trashrake Crane and Rake Upgrade, (Oct 24, 2018) LMN Fire Alarm and Control System Installation, (Feb 27, 2019) LMN Powerhouse Sequence of Event Recorder, Annunciation, and Diesel Generator Controls Upgrades, (August 30, 2019) LMN Powerhouse Bridge Crane Wheel and Drive System Upgrade, (Oct 11, 2019) LMN Intake Gate Refurbishment. “ the actions will not get us to recovery. ” representing about 12 percent of BPA ’ constantly... 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