18. The recipient of many honorary degrees and other prizes and honors, she is a Member of the US National Academy of Sciences (NAS), the European Academy of Sciences, and the French Academy of Sciences. The paper disputed the uncertainties surrounding climate sensitivity to increased greenhouse gas concentrations contained in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth and Fifth Assessment Reports. More recently, Broecker has been involved in work on carbon sequestration. The importance of the topic of this article is undeniable. Richard Lindzen, an MIT atmospheric physicist and one of the world's leading climatologists, summarizes the science behind climate change. The pattern is also believed to be linked to periodic cooling (glacial) and warming (interglacial) trends over the past three million years, which would have been expected to lead to a new glaciation about 8000 years ago, but did not (the “overdue-glaciation” phenomenon). Manabe is the author or co-author of a great many peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters, some of the best-known and/or most important of which are listed below. This compensation does not influence our school rankings, resource guides, or other editorially-independent information published on this site. Manabe is currently Senior Meteorologist at Princeton University. TheBestSchools.org is an advertising-supported site. Shaviv is the author or co-author of more than 100 peer-reviewed journal articles or book chapters, of which some of the most important are listed below. Ruddiman is currently Professor Emeritus in the Department of Environmental Sciences at the University of Virginia. See also Category:Climatologists and List of authors of Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Does the earth have an adaptive infrared iris?, ”Simulated climatology of a general circulation model with a hydrologic cycle,", ”Thermal equilibrium of the atmosphere with a given distribution of relative humidity,", ”Climate calculation with a combined ocean-atmosphere model,", ”Interhemispheric asymmetry in climate response to a gradual increase of atmospheric carbon dioxide,", ”Climatic response to a gradual increase of atmospheric carbon dioxide,", ”Transient response of coupled ocean-atmosphere model to gradual changes of atmospheric CO, ”Transient response of a coupled ocean-atmosphere model to gradual changes of atmospheric CO, ”Study of abrupt climate change by a coupled ocean-atmosphere model,", ”Exploring natural and anthropogenic variation of climate,", ”Equilibrium response of thermohaline circulation to large changes in atmospheric CO, ”Simulated long-term changes in river discharge and soil moisture due to global warming,". The interaction of thermally excited gravity waves with mean flows. 5. A Fellow of the American Meteorological Society (AMS), since 2000 Christy has been Alabama’s official State Climatologist. Altogether, Wigley has invested well over 20 years of his career into perfecting MAGICC, upon which much of our ability to make reliable simulations of climate change rests. Scientists still aren’t sure about this whole thing. The science is clear: climate change is happening. The criteria we have set for this article are quite strict. Most recently, he has been involved in studies and modeling of the water cycle and extreme events. Climate scientists know more about how the climate is changing and what it means for our future than anyone else, including journalists, world leaders and the general public. Wigley is the author or co-author of more than 150 peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters, as well as the author or editor of two books (see below). Models for radiative and photochemical processes. Apparently it has been transformed in recent years.. Highly informative resources to keep your education journey on track.  After that, he solved a problem that had been discussed for over 100 years by some of the best minds in physics, including Lord Kelvin, namely, the physics of atmospheric tides (daily variations in global air pressure). John Christy, “No consensus on IPCC’s level of ignorance” (BBC website, November 13, 2007). Jones is without doubt best known to the general public on account of his involvement in the so-called “Climategate” affair. 27. Mann has authored or co-authored more than 200 peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters, as well as delivering countless invited lectures and presentations. Wigley, “A combined mitigation/geoengineering approach to climate stabilization," Science, 2006, 314: 452 — 454. Then, in a 1975 paper, he used his model to simulate the response of temperature and the hydrologic cycle to increased atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, thus demonstrating for the first time the feasibility of relatively accurate, long-term predictions of climate response to changes in atmospheric CO2, and simultaneously signalling the potential seriousness of the anthropogenic global warming problem — a problem that Manabe and his team have continued to investigate during the past four decades. That said, we do not feel under any obligation to give “equal time” to both sides. Yes, the vast majority of actively publishing climate scientists – 97 percent – agree that humans are causing global warming and climate change. While activists and politicians issue doomsday warnings, most scientists have a … He is also the author of three books aimed at a popular audience (see below). However, Mann has been stalwart in defending the integrity of his methodology and the fundamental correctness of the graph, and many other climate scientists from around the world have sprung to his and the graph’s defense, as well. 25. But if the choice of topic is self-evident, the selection of individuals we have made for this list, and especially the way we have gone about it, certainly require explanation. Mitchell’s current work for the Met Office includes keeping a watching brief on climate science internationally, handling concerns of those skeptical about climate change, and working with other Research Fellows to ensure they make an effective contribution to the Met Office research program. Christy has not been shy about publicizing his views, making many of the same points in an op-ed piece he published with a colleague in 2014 in the Wall Street Journal. Drumroll.  However, Christy stands his ground, refusing to give in to ad hominem attacks or the exercise of naked political power, insisting the issues must be discussed on the scientific merits alone. Manabe was born in Ehime Prefecture on the island of Shikoku in Japan, in 1931. In an interview with the BBC from 2007, he accused the IPCC process of gross politicization and scientists of succumbing to “group-think” and “herd instinct.”; In 2009, he made the following statement in testimony to the House Ways and Means Committee (altogether, he has testified before Congress some 20 times): From my analysis, the actions being considered to “stop global warming” will have an imperceptible impact on whatever the climate will do, while making energy more expensive, and thus have a negative impact on the economy as a whole. Professor Emeritus in the twenty-first century Wall Street journal website, November,... Ignorance ” ( climate etc the Racah Institute of physics at the University of East.. 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