There are also three famous court cases: Jamie Montgomery (1756), David Spens (1769-1770) and Joseph Knight (1774-1778) which provide further details. Named after the country of Jamaica. Named after his Archibald Ingram tobacco merchant. The “second city of empire” was how this year’s host of the Commonwealth Games used to be well known. 4.5 (264 ratings) 5. In Glasgow we have large signs marking our Merchant City, but nary a word about what these merchants traded. Named after Andrew Cochrane of Brighouse who was a wealthy tobacco merchant and also Lord Provost. The Merchant City in Glasgow dates back to the 1750s and is one of the oldest areas of Glasgow. Stop for a cocktail at The Corinthian Club and marvel at its elaborate interiors dating ba… First, the port in Glasgow had a 2-3 week advantage in using the trade winds to travel compared to other ports in Europe. In this way, Glasgow merchants came to monopolise the trade in tobacco and sugar, although the latter to a much lesser extent. It features John Glassford – one of the four main ‘Tobacco Lords’ in Glasgow – and his family located within The Shawfield Mansion, the prototype colonial townhouse in the ‘Merchant City’ which was built in 1711. Learn from the past with this Glasgow slave trade trail. There, captive Africans were bought and taken to North American and the Caribbean and sold as slaves. Mrs Foodie aka Emma loves to snuggle with Fred and Cleo, sleep and read. As the University of Glasgow historian Stephen Mullen wrote in his 2009 book It Wisnae Us: The Truth About Glasgow and Slavery, denial has been its modus operandi. The Virginia Galleries was once at the heart of the commercial area of Glasgow. The burial plot of Andrew Buchanan, after whom Buchanan Street is named and the Oswald family have a burial plot within the Cathedral. In 2007, Glasgow Built Preservation Trust (GBPT), in partnership with Glasgow Anti Racist Alliance, developed an exhibition linking Glasgow’s built heritage with the slave trade. It wasn’t until 1807 that the Abolition of the Slave Trade Act was passed in Britain. Pleading ignorance of slavery doesn’t bear scrutiny. Although Scotland had limited involvement with direct slave trade voyages (known as the ‘triangular trade’) and there were only 31 recorded between 1706 and 1766, the merchants of Glasgow traded in slave-grown produce. Start a discussion and not try to eradicate part of the history of the city. image caption Glasgow's Gallery of Modern Art was home to slave trader William Cunninghame Many slave traders' mansions and churches were laid out near what is now Merchant City. Resplendent in their scarlet cloaks, scarlet cloaks and gold-tipped canes, these tobacco merchants bestowed upon themselves the regal sobriquets: ‘Princes of the Pavement’ and ‘Tobacco Lords’. Dunlop Street The newly rich traders were called The Tobacco Lords. information on the people involved, goods, prices, etc. Glasgow Corporation acquired the building in 1949 and moved Stirling’s Library from Miller Street to here. Nowadays it is home to a thriving bar and restaurant scene (at least it was pre-COVID…) Who were the Tobacco … There are 19 recorded slave voyages which left from the ports of Greenock and Port Glasgow over a sixty-year period from 1706 and 1766 said to carry around 2 to 3,000 people directly into slavery. This article has traced locations where the ‘Tobacco Lords’ and ‘Sugar Aristocracy’ worked, lived, worshipped, convened. As you can imagine, this created a lot of money. Austin-Smith-Lord will lead the team, in partnership with Rotterdam based urbanists Studio for New Realities, WAVEparticle and will also draw upon the expertise of Urban Movement and Civic Engineers. The contact to get the man back was Andrew Ramsay, a noted merchant and future Lord Provost of Glasgow. City Merchant, Glasgow: 1.138 Bewertungen - bei Tripadvisor auf Platz 214 von 2.227 von 2.227 Glasgow Restaurants; mit 4/5 von Reisenden bewertet. Named after John Glassford. The Cuninghame Mansion – now The Gallery of Modern Art – was built by William Cuninghame, one of the four main ‘Tobacco Lords’ during Glasgow’s ‘golden age of tobacco’, 1740-1790. As I thought over the concept of a ‘Slave Merchant City’, I stumbled on the city’s booster slogan ‘People Make Glasgow’. Given Glassford’s strong connections with Virginia (and his agent Neil Jamieson was involved with slave-trading in North America) we can make assumptions about the boy’s origins. Built in 1826, Ramshorn Kirk and Graveyard is a resting point within the busy city centre. And I instantly agreed. Built between 1882 and 1888, the City Chambers is civic demonstration of Glasgow’s claim to be the ‘Second City of Empire’. Nestled amongst imposing 19th and 20th century industrial and retail architecture on Miller Street in Glasgow’s Merchant City, sits an attractive little house, built in 1775. Glasgow City Council has appointed a multidisciplinary team of local and international consultants to prepare for the next phase of our City Centre District Regeneration Frameworks (DRFs). Should nothing be done? Your email address will not be published. The street is named after John Miller who was a land speculator. In Scotland, there are only around 70-100 recorded black people during this period. What is now the Gallery of Modern Art that was originally the Cunninghame Mansion which was a mansion for a single man, William Cunninghame of Lainshaw. Here they might have discussed the price of slaves in Africa, the growing conditions of tobacco in Virginia, the sugar crop in Jamaica and the tobacco market in France. Built in a Palladian style and completed in 1775, Tobacco Merchants House is the oldest surviving building in the ‘Merchant City’ which also underlines little remains of Georgian Glasgow and the city centre is almost all Victoriana. It was originally built in 1752 for George Buchanan but demolished in 1842. From George Square we travel south-west into the ‘Merchant City’. Glasgow’s imperial past is hinted at by names littered throughout the city centre, in geographic pointers such as Virginia Street and Jamaica Street; and tributes to tobacco barons in the likes of Buchanan Street and Ingram Street. The city’s first paved street was located outside the Tontine Rooms and this was where the ‘Tobacco Lords’ convened. He proposed to “dispose” of the man if he was left unclaimed: one assumes sell him into slavery in the West Indies. It was assumed until fairly recently that the young child had been painted out from the painting in the abolitionist period, although a restorative project in 2007 revealed the young child had not been painted out, but in fact dirt and grime built up over the years and partially obscuring the child from view. The People’s Palace already has some important exhibits. The mansion was purchased by the Royal Bank of Scotland in 1817 and was converted to become the new Exchange of the city. The city of Glasgow wasn’t an innocent bystander in the slave trade. The interior is an exemplar of mercantile splendour: the salubrious surroundings (now restored to their former glory) are enhanced by the mahogany imported from the Spanish West Indies. Required fields are marked *. Their names such as John Glassford are immortalised in the names of Glasgow streets. There are also memorials to Sir James Stirling of Keir, who owned plantations and slaves in Jamaica, and to Andrew Cochrane, who owned the King Street Sugarhouse. Tobacco merchant Andrew Speirs. The Glasgow streets named after merchants who had links to slavery should be changed, a senior council figure has claimed. The University of Glasgow announced in 2018, that it would begin a programme of ‘reparative justice’. This Act stopped the transatlantic slave trade in the British Empire, but slavery was still legal. From the Trongate, we walk down to St Andrews in the Square. Many resisted and rebelled against oppressive conditions in Scotland and flight was one means to do this. St Andrews by the Green also known as the Whistling Kirk. The audio trail, Merchant City Voices, a series of seven sound installations commissioned by Glasgow City Council, won the 2013 Scottish Design Award. Exactly what is a ‘Merchant City’? Glasgow City Archives made the documents public at Mitchell Library to coincide with Black History Month. This was not a unique case and there are other records providing more detail. This grew into events as part of Glasgow’s Doors Open Days and a leaflet entitled “It wisnae us!” was released. Outside of the City Chambers, you will find a statue to James Oswald. IT is the darkest part of Scotland’s history - and it usually remains hidden, seen only in the names of streets and buildings which still exist today. In Scotland we tend to see ourselves as the oppressed colony of the English, without reflecting much upon our role in the “triangular trade” or as overseers and masters on the plantations. Not that long ago, we guidebook writers used to bang on about the mercantile past of Glasgow quite blithely…like it was … HISTORY OF THE MERCHANT CITY 1700-1830 Foreign trade began in 1450 when William Elphinstone exported cured salmon and herrings (one of the first commodities of Glasgow… There are also memorials to Sir James Stirling of Keir, who owned plantations and slaves in Jamaica, and to Andrew Cochrane, who owned the King Street Sugarhouse. Personally, I would like to see the streets with plaques explaining their naming. Some were personal slaveowners and young children would have been brought here in the 1760s. After the 1707 Treaty of Union between Scotland and England, Scottish merchants gained access to the English colonies. In 1996 the building was converted to house the Gallery of Modern Art. Looking closely at the triangular facade on the front of the City Chambers, Queen Victoria sits atop a series of native peoples bringing gifts: the subservient role of the colonies inscribed into the city’s architecture. He owned plantations in Virginia and Maryland. Glasgow’s opposition to slavery is represented by the memorial to the Rev. What are the street names that link Glasgow to the slave trade era? Robertson Street Or should they be re-named completely? He supported the petition of 30,000 residents of the city to end the apprenticeship scheme in the West Indies that had continued a form of slavery. The Merchant City in Glasgow dates back to the 1750s and is one of the oldest areas of Glasgow. This was the worshipping place of the Episcopalian faction of the ‘Tobacco Lords’: Presbyterians looked down on their mode of worship which involved organ-playing during services, which led to the pejorative nickname the ‘Whistling Kirk’ for St Andrews by the Green. This was the rise of early-modern capitalism in the west of Scotland based on the exploitation of enslaved labour. FOR a city whose streets so proudly display the names of its 18th century tobacco lords and sugar barons, Glasgow has never done a very good job of confronting its involvement in the slave trade. It was home to the warehouses and dwellings of the merchants who shipped tobacco, sugar and tea. Going across the bridge you will see a large plaque regarding the merchant’s guild. www.portcities.org.uk. American; Vegan Friendly; Vegetarian; Burgers; Halal; Drinks; Opens at ; 17 Bell Street, Merchant Square, Glasgow, G11NU; View map; New LUNCH OFFER available Monday to Friday! Cochrane Street It was legal to own a slave in Scotland until 1778. There are stunning views of the city from the Necropolis on this cemetery modelled on Pere-Lachaise in Paris. City. Glasgow’s full role in New World slavery can be viewed metaphorically in the painting: it has always been present, yet obscured from our view. Merchant City Festival 2017 was held on 22–30 July 2017. If you look on the pavement in Ingram Street you will see the initials RF & AF, this is the resting place of Robert and Andrew Foulis, Glasgow booksellers who opened 10 years before the more well known John Smith bookseller. It was a status symbol. The building was restored as offices by Glasgow Building Preservation Trust in 1995. Ewing’s father owned the largest sugar plantation in Jamaica. 4. Scotland and the Slave Trade Scottish Executive On-line book www.scotland.gov.uk/, Scottish Archive Network On-line exhibition www.scan.org.uk/exhibitions, The British Slave Trade Open University www.open2.net/slavery, The Port Cities (Bristol, Liverpool, London, Hartlepool, Southampton) has lots of Under grand tombs and memorials, you will find the finest of Glasgow society. Glasgow grew from a small town to a city of commerce through its dominance of the tobacco trade from the American colonies to Europe in the 18th century. One of which was the attendance of Harriet Beecher Stowe, American abolitionist and author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin. In effect, the merchants cut out the Africa leg of the triangular trade and went directly to the plantations. The establishment of the Whistling Kirk was inextricably associated with Richard and Alexander Oswald, Caithness merchants who established a mercantile dynasty in Glasgow from the 1710s. The city was also involved in the slave trade. Your email address will not be published. The quiet Ramshorn Graveyard, which is open to the public, was a fashionable place to be buried for merchants. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. of two now demolished Palladian townhouses, the Shawfield and Virginia Mansions), the Tolboth Steeple is a reminder of the once bustling commercial centre. 3. The City Halls hosted many rallies and anti-slavery meetings over the years. Glasgow Museums are currently working through how to better represent New World Slavery within their collections (a process stimulated by the important Georgian Glasgow exhibit in 2014). Merchant City is an area in the city centre stretching from Queen Street in the west to High Street in the east, and from Trongate in the south to Ingram Street in the north. It was redeveloped in 1999 as The Corinthian, a bar, nightclub, casino and dining rooms. It is understood that a public consultation will be held based on the findings of the study in … Glasgow City Centre; Steak Cattle & Roll Merchant Square; Steak Cattle & Roll Merchant Square - Glasgow City Centre . On Glassford’s right hand shoulder, there is a young black child, evidently a page-boy who had been brought over the colonies. Completed in 1778 and built in the Palladian style of architecture, it was described at the time as one of the most fantastic houses in the west of Scotland. Yes, yes they did. Glassford Street He is from the family which had been deeply involved in the tobacco and sugar trades since the 1730s. The tobacco lords became successful because they were able to monopolise tobacco and sugar crops. Or should they be kept as they are but with plaques explaining their meaning to help with discussions – such as is seen in cities such as Paris and Berlin? The City Chambers’ architecture, therefore, reflects Glasgow’s status as one of the most prominent port cities of the Second British Empire. The core of the mansion became the Royal Exchange in 1827-29. Did you know that the street was named after Andrew Buchanan. With Black Lives Matters protests in the news, the debate has risen again on whether or not Glasgow’s streets should be renamed. Before then it was seen as fashionable for wealthy families to have their own “black boy or girl” to attend to their needs. His money came from the tobacco and sugar trade. The Merchants House is topped with a globe, with a sailing ship, flanked by two female figures. Slavery Slaves were an important part of merchant business. The Oswald family (see Oswald Street) were involved in the foundation of the church. Slave-owner’s name removed from Barclays Bank development in Glasgow. Oswald Street Throughout October they held a Sunday walking tour around Glasgow's city centre and its mercantile past, examining its sinister entanglement with the Transatlantic slave trade. Originally the Tobacco Exchange, and later the Sugar Exchange. Two Tobacco Lords are buried here: John Glassford and Andrew Buchanan. Nowadays it is home to a thriving bar and restaurant scene ( at least it was pre-COVID…). His legs are a good deal bended…’. I’ve been working with Glasgow Museums on the ‘Hidden Legacies’ project and we spent an enjoyable afternoon taking a tour through imperial Glasgow exploring the city’s historical connections with New World slavery. Operated with slave labour, ... where they gave their names to later streets in what modern Glasgow now calls the Merchant City. Have you heard of the Tobacco Lords of Glasgow? Presbyterian ‘Tobacco Lords’ attended to their spiritual needs and the Kirk was constructed between 1739-1756. A grand building which reflects the power of what was once the largest empire in the world. Slaves within the city of Glasgow will have carried out a whole variety of tasks; but the information is slight. 42 Miller Street was the home of Robert Findlay of Easterhill. Charles was the brother of Glasgow merchant George Robb who married into the ... which had 45 slaves, and two claims for the Glasgow estate, for 27 and 57 slaves respectively. The Merchant City is a label for the part of Glasgow where the merchants formerly lived and also had their warehouses. Andrew Buchanan was the owner of two slave plantations. This short tour through imperial Glasgow winded through the ‘Merchant City’. In the sacristry of Glasgow Cathedral is a large stained glass window dedicated to tobacco lord Alexander Speirs of Elderslie’. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! 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