However, whereas the Quran appears to enjoin retaliation, the lex talionis were not intended to promote retaliation. One late claim 2. NOTE: Detailed discussions concerning … A. However, despite the occasional puzzling remark that may seem to imply the reverse, the Quran is replete with explicit and implicit sanction and promotion of armed conflict, violence, and bloodshed by Muslims. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. Lo! The Quran makes multiple references to the Old and New Testaments. The number of the expeditions which he planned and sent out under other leaders is thirty-eight” (n.d., p. xxvi). added). One author 4. The Qur'an consists of 114 chapters. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful (Surah 9:1-5, emp. Exhort the believers to fight. The Jews themselves likely were lacking in much book-learning, having been separated from the mainstream of Jewish thought and intellectual development in their migration to the Arabian peninsula. Note: The following article was taken from the Hyde Park Christian fellowship - an informal network of Christian researchers in the UK, whose primary interest is the academic study of all issues relevant to Islam and Christianity. The comparison will also shed light on the common themes of the Bible and the Quran and study the significance and use of sacred texts … Muhammad was informed that warfare was prescribed for him! So, if ye repent, it will be better for you; but if ye are averse, then know that ye cannot escape Allah. The New Testament record presents a far higher, more noble and godly ethic on the matter of violence and armed conflict. While the Quran contains some commendable ethical regulations, it simply does not come up to the moral heights of the Bible. Hazaer, 1) stated: “A man may marry many wives, for Rabba saith it is lawful to do so, if he can provide for them. they cannot escape. In the third place, why does the Quran stipulate the number “four”? Qur'an vs New Testament There are many similarities between the Quran and the New Testament. The Quran says “persecution is worse than killing” (Surah 2:217)—i.e., it is better to kill your persecutors than to endure their persecutions! added). The Quran, the central religious text of Islam, contains references to more than fifty people and events also found in the Bible.While the stories told in each book are generally comparable, there are also some notable differences. The enemy should have been completely slaughtered, with no quarter given. To him who strikes you on the one cheek, offer the other also. added). [Ali, Religion, pp. War was declared upon them, and they were to be slain or taken captive wherever they were found” (Lings, 1983, p. 323). Thou art Able to do all things. period and edited at some point into a single Book. We have over 5300 partial or complete manuscripts of the New Testament penned prior to fourth century A.D. O ye who believe! As reprehensible and cowardly as Islamic terrorists have shown themselves to be in recent years, an honest reading of the Quran leads one to believe that they, at least, are more consistent with, and true to, their own Scriptures. We have made lawful unto thee thy wives unto whom thou hast paid their dowries, and those whom thy right hand possesseth of those whom Allah hath given thee as spoils of war, and the daughters of thine uncle on the father’s side and the daughters of thine aunts on the father’s side, and the daughters of thine uncles on the mother’s side and the daughters of thine aunts on the mother’s side who emigrated with thee, and a believing woman if she give herself unto the Prophet and the Prophet desire to ask her in marriage—a privilege for thee only, not for the (rest of) believers—We are aware of that which We enjoined upon them concerning their wives and, those whom their right hands possess—that thou mayst be free from blame, for Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. The total number of verses is 6,240. There is no term for the "Bible" in the Qur'an; instead the Qur'an refers to specific holy books, including Torah (tawrat), Psalms (zabur) and Gospel (injeel). Lo! They were intended to inculcate into Israelite society the principle of confining retribution to appropriate parameters. You are invited to always conduct your own research. When ye have performed the act of worship, remember Allah, standing, sitting and reclining. Give tidings (O Muhammad) of a painful doom to those who disbelieve. Bible vs. Quran. RSS. He is the Knower, the Wise. All Quran quotes are from Taqi-ud-Din al-Hilali/Muhsin Khan English Quran translation. Unlike the New Testament, which confines permission to divorce on the sole ground of sexual unfaithfulness (Matthew 19:9), the Quran authorizes divorce for any reason (e.g., Surah 2:226-232,241; 33:4,49; 58:2-4; 65:1-7). Then, when the sacred months have passed, slay the idolaters wherever ye find them, and take them (captive), and besiege them, and prepare for them each ambush. Hence, the Muslim is forced to maintain the self-contradictory position that, yes, there have been times that Islam has been properly violent and, yes, the Quran does endorse violence, but, no, most Muslims are not violent, and then only in self-defense. The New Testament and the Quran are the holy scriptures of Christianity and Islam, and as such they merit some degree of comparison. (1950 reprint), The Koran (London: J.M. Two such matters are addressed in this article: polygamy and armed conflict. You are invited to always conduct your own research. There’s an important point that needs to kept in mind in any discussion about the Qur’an, especially when comparisons are made to the New Testament. Allah is ever High Exalted, Great (Surah 4:34; cf. One late claim 2. And they will not cease from fighting against you till they have made you renegades from your religion, if they can (Surah 2:216-217, emp. We are not presupposing that the New Testament or the Koran are revelations from a God. Turn unto Allah in sincere repentance! In truth the disbelievers are an open enemy to you. Consider the following Muslim explanation: At the time when this surah (Surah 2—DM) was revealed at Al-Madinah, the Prophet’s own tribe, the pagan Qureysh at Mecca, were preparing to attack the Muslims in their place of refuge. The Koran is divided into 114 chapters, or suras, which are arranged in order of decreasing length, with the exception of the brief first sura, which is part of a Muslim's daily prayer.. Muslims reject the Bible—and by extension, Christianity and Judaism—as being corrupt and superseded by the Koran. And when ye ask of them (the wives of the Prophet) anything, ask it of them from behind a curtain. While there are many facets to this debate, the central issue is this: which of the two ... Bible vs Quran Bible vs Quran Debate. But if she will not abide this commandment she shall be destroyed, saith the Lord; for I am the Lord thy God, and will destroy her if she abide not in my law. And let a party of believers witness their punishment.... And those who accuse honourable women but bring not four witnesses, scourge them (with) eighty stripes and never (afterward) accept their testimony—They indeed are evildoers (Surah 24:2,4, emp. Early Christian scribes vs. Quran scribes. The vast majority of those who claim to be “Christian” are practicing a corrupted form of the Christian Faith. In the fourth place, the polygamy countenanced by the Quran on Earth will be extended into the heavenly realm (Surah 13:23; 36:55; 40:8; 43:70). Responses that touch on all aspects will receive higher points! Early multiple sources 3. Hence, even when a scribe might make a mistake that is obvious, the following scribes would … Dent and Sons). The Quran is completely separate from and in conflict with all the teachings in the Old and New Testaments. Allah is Mighty, Wise” (Surah 5:38, emp. Allah knoweth what is in your hearts (O men) and Allah is Forgiving, Clement. 1. The second Quranic passage that acquaints the reader with the extent to which polygamy is not only permitted or tolerated, but also advocated and encouraged, is one titled “Banning.” The Hadith offer three traditions that provide the background details that help to make sense of the surah. So it is with physical violence in the Quran. Indeed, the final verse of Surah 2 calls upon Allah to give Muslims “victory over the disbelieving folk” (vs. 286), rendered by Rodwell: “give us victory therefore over the infidel nations.” That this stance by the Quran was to be expected is evident from the formulation of the Second Pledge of Aqabah, in which the men pledged their loyalty and their commitment to protecting Muhammad from all opponents. If the majority of Muslims were violent, that would not prove that Islam is a religion of violence. Lo! But if they repent and establish worship and pay the poor-due, then leave their way free. Their light will run before them and on their right hands: they will say: Our Lord! Had it not been for an ordinance of Allah which had gone before, an awful doom had come upon you on account of what ye took. Surely pardon from Allah and mercy are better than all that they amass. The New Testament. The possible necessity of fighting had been foreseen in the terms of the oath, taken at Al-Aqabah by the Muslims of Yathrib before the Flight, to defend the Prophet as they would their own wives and children, and the first commandment to fight was revealed to the Prophet before his flight from Mecca; but there was no actual fighting by the Muslims until the battle of Badr. Then if they obey you, seek not a way against them. In the second place, Jesus declared in no uncertain terms: “Whoever divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, and marries another, commits adultery; and whoever marries her who is divorced commits adultery” (Matthew 19:9, emp. So those who...fought and were slain, verily I shall remit their evil deeds from them and verily I shall bring them into Gardens underneath which rivers flow—a reward from Allah (Surah 3:156-158,195, emp. We are presupposing that the Christian and Islamic conception of God would never reveal false historical information in his revelations. Early multiple claims 2. 129-130). The two books, in fact, contradict each other on this point. And from him who takes away your goods do not ask them back. All Torah, Psalms, Old and New Testament Bible quotes are from the King James Version (KJV) Holy Bible in the public domain. Later in the same surah, “Fight against such of those who have been given the Scripture as believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, and forbid not that which Allah hath forbidden by His messenger, and follow not the religion of truth, until they pay the tribute readily, being brought low” (Surah 9:29, emp. For centuries, Christians have asked why Jews don’t accept the authenticity of the New Testament. One would expect an uninspired book to contradict itself or speak ambiguously on various subjects, at times appearing both to endorse and condemn a practice. Maybe the Quran was copied more faithfully after being in circulation for a certain period of time, but I believe you’ve said the same for he New Testament. Say: Warfare therein is a great (transgression), but to turn (men) from the way of Allah, and to disbelieve in Him and in the Inviolable Place of Worship, and to expel his people thence, is a greater with Allah; for persecution is worse that killing. Theoretically, in his lifetime, a man could have an unlimited number of wives—all with the approval of God! Muslim scholar Pickthall’s own summary of Muhammad’s war record is an eye-opener: “The number of the campaigns which he led in person during the last ten years of his life is twenty-seven, in nine of which there was hard fighting. 4:11; 2:223,228,282; 38:45; 16:58-59; see also Brooks, 1995; Trifkovic, 2002, pp. For even sinners do the same. Sixth-century Arabia was a tribal-oriented society that relied heavily on oral communication in social interactions. He will guide them and improve their state, and bring them in unto the Garden [Paradise—DM] which He hath made known to them (Surah 47:4-6, emp. But, each person has free choice to accept or reject without any retaliation by Christians against those who choose to reject. It is not allowed thee to take (other) women henceforth, nor that thou shouldst change them for other wives even though their beauty pleased thee save those whom thy right hand possesseth. And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. Now enjoy what ye have won, as lawful and good, and keep your duty to Allah. Though the passage in question indicates the criterion of a man’s ability to do justice to those he marries, there is no reason to specify the number four, since men would vary a great deal in the number of women that they would have the ability to manage fairly. Bible is a holy book associated with Christianity and Judaism. O Prophet! Though all data (Old Testament, New Testament and Quran) were combined and read into OdinText as a single file, the Old Testament is the largest with over 23K verses and about 623K words, followed by the New Testament with just under 8K verses and 185K words, and then the Quran with just over 6K verses and less than 78K words.” The Qur’an’s Problems as Scripture B. Then when they have performed their prostrations let them fall to the rear and let another party come that hath not worshipped and let them worship with thee, and let them take their precaution and their arms. 404-405; Lings, 1983, pp. I know there’s a few critical scholars of the Quran who say it was not copied reliably at all. These admonitions bear a remarkable resemblance to Mormon Joseph Smith’s own advocacy of plural marriages and the revelation allegedly received from God admonishing his own wife, Emma Smith, to be receptive to his polygamy: Verily, I say unto you: A commandment I give unto mine handmaid, Emma Smith, your wife, whom I have given unto you, that she stay herself and partake not of that which I commanded you to offer unto her; for I did it, saith the Lord, to prove you all, as I did Abraham, and that I might require an offering at your hand, by covenant and sacrifice. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Jesus taught His disciples, when faced with opposition and resistance, simply to walk away: “And whoever will not receive you nor hear your words, when you depart from that house or city, shake off the dust from your feet” (Matthew 10:14). 1. Thou canst defer whom thou wilt of them and receive unto thee whom thou wilt, and whomsoever thou desirest of those whom thou hast set aside (temporarily), it is no sin for thee (to receive her again); that is better; that they may be comforted and not grieve and may all be pleased with what thou givest them. The Bible had been completed and combined to be the Old Testament and the New Testament before the Quran was given. Therefore you must be subject, not only because of wrath but also for conscience’ sake. Give to everyone who asks of you. Do you want to be unafraid of the authority? The adulterer and the adulteress, scourge ye each one of them (with) a hundred stripes. Killing is better than being persecuted! As "The Encyclopaedia of the Quran" notes, this is likely an Arabic reference to the Torah, the first five books of the Old Testament, which are traditionally ascribed to Moses. We are presupposing that the Christian and Islamic conception of God would never reveal false historical information in his revelations. This debate was recorded at South African Theological Seminary in January. Minneapolis: Thoughts of Light Publishing, 2013. Render therefore to all their due: taxes to whom taxes are due, customs to whom customs, fear to whom fear, honor to whom honor (Romans 13:1-7, emp. What an amazing contrast! The quran is false and should be avoided. Is the New Testament or Qur'an a Better Successor to the Hebrew Bible? Similarly, “O ye who believe! Thanks so much! For Muslims, the Quran is the final revelation. Quran or Koran is a holy book of Islam. Bible is a holy book associated with Christianity and Judaism. And I command mine handmaid, Emma Smith, to abide and cleave unto my servant Joseph, and to none else. Polyandry is completely prohibited in Both Christianity and Islam while as for Polygyny Bible Old Testament and Quran allow while the New Testament has some verses that seem to contradict it. It may be that your Lord will remit from you your evil deeds and bring you into Gardens underneath which rivers flow, on the day when Allah will not abase the Prophet and those who believe with him. So good women are the obedient, guarding in secret that which Allah hath guarded. Bible vs Quran - Here is a detailed, factual comparison of the Bible vs the Quran. Lings, pp. I will attempt to be as unbiased in my presentation as possible before concluding. Be not as those who disbelieved and said of their brethren who went abroad in the land or were fighting in the field: If they had been (here) with us they would not have died or been killed.... And what though ye be slain in Allah’s way or die therein? [Metzger, "Bible"]. Defense Vs. Total Annihilation "Much to my surprise, the Islamic scriptures in the Quran were actually far less bloody and less violent than those in the Bible," Jenkins says. And she put faith in the words of her Lord and His Scriptures, and was of the obedient (Surah 66). This article compares the basics of textual integrity. O Prophet! added). Allah knoweth, ye know not. As for those from whom ye fear rebellion, admonish them and banish them to beds apart, and scourge them. Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (2002), The Heart of Islam (New York: HarperCollins). Indeed, when Pilate quizzed Jesus regarding His intentions, He responded: “My kingdom is not of this world. For there is no authority except from God, and the authorities that exist are appointed by God. On the other hand, this eighty increases to one hundred for adultery. Fight in the way of Allah against those who fight against you, but begin not hostilities. Holiday Deals Gift Cards Best Sellers Customer Service Find a Gift New Releases Whole Foods AmazonBasics Free Shipping Registry Sell Coupons Subscribe & Save #FoundItOnAmazon Shopper Toolkit Disability Customer Support Sorting Apples from Oranges B. Bible is NOT mentioned in the Quran nor should New Testament be consider the previous scriptures mentioned in the Quran. Unlike the Qur'an, when we consider the New Testament manuscripts (MSS) we are astounded by the sheer numbers of extent copies which are in existence. Lo! Though not assembled into what we now know as the New Testament until 300 A.D., those canonical writings of Jesus' apostles were being read … This debate was recorded at South African Theological Seminary in January. Many of them were reluctant, having before been subject to a rule of strict non-violence. In the first place, for all practical purposes the Quran authorizes a man to have as many wives as he chooses, since its teaching on divorce contradicts its teaching on marriage. Therefore be merciful, just as your Father also is merciful (Luke 6:27-36, emp. added; cf. This revision reflects Muhammad’s rejection of the divinity of any being except Allah: For I am the Lord thy God, and ye shall obey my voice; and I give unto my servant Joseph that he shall be made ruler over many things; for he hath been faithful over a few things, and from henceforth I will strengthen him. added). Enjoy! This pledge included duties of war, and was taken only by the males. For even sinners lend to sinners to receive as much back. For He is kind to the unthankful and evil. The ancient Talmudic record (Arbah Turim, Ev. The course will examine the status of the Quran and the Bible (the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament), analyse their nature as sacred texts, introduce the historical origins of the texts and compare the Bible and the Quran as literary works. The King James Bible consists of 1,189 chapters (929 in the Old Testament and 260 in the New Testament), and a total of 41,173 verses (33,214 in the Old Testament and 7,959 in the New Testament). Notice that the very responsibility that is enjoined on the government, i.e., “an avenger to execute wrath” by use of the sword in 13:4, is strictly forbidden to the individual Christian in 12:19, i.e., “do not avenge yourselves, but rather give place to wrath.” To “give place to wrath” means to allow God’s wrath to show itself in His own appointed way that, according to the next few verses, is by means of the civil government. by Sami Ameri. Muhammad and the Quran stand in diametrical opposition to Jesus and the New Testament. Lo! Lo! Allah loveth those who keep their duty (unto Him). added). One would fully expect uninspired men to manifest the same modus operandi and concern for the same issues—especially as they reflect upon their own human desires (i.e., lusts) and preferences. Pickthall explains the historical setting of this Quranic utterance: “It signified the end of idolatry in Arabia. With these background details in mind, the reader is invited to read the surah that was elicited by the situation: In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. For Christians, the Old Testament is the foundation on which the New Testament is built and so the New Testament contains the final revelation. New Testament (Treated as a historical document): Claim: Jesus of Nazareth was crucified and died. ( London: J.M sword of the enemy ( Surah 47:4, emp were... Found in the 4th century “ four ” were not intended to inculcate into Israelite society the principle of retribution... 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