The principal architect was Louis Bourgeois, but the interior cladding was designed by Alfred Shaw of Shaw, Metz, and Dolio. Most Bahá'í meetings occur in local Haziratu'l-Quds (commonly known as Bahá'í centres), individuals' homes, or rented facilities,[2] though plans for the first five local Houses of Worship were announced in 2012, with that in Battambang, Cambodia being the first to open, in 2017. [54], As of 2007, the Universal House of Justice has mentioned 123 sites for future Houses of Worship, in addition to the seven already standing at that time. Eventually the Bahá'ís in ʻIshqábád decided to build the institution of the spiritual and social heart of the Bahá'í community: the Mas͟hriqu'l-Ad͟hkár. However, the process of personal transformation which resulted from studying the teachings of Baha’u’llah was just as profound for me as for those whose lives were salvaged from destruction by becoming Baha’is. [7] Bahá'í scripture also states that no pictures, statues or images may be displayed within the House of Worship and no pulpits or altars incorporated as an architectural feature (readers may stand behind simple portable lectern). [3] The Bahá'í laws also stipulate that only the holy scriptures of the Bahá'í Faith and other religions can be read or chanted inside in any language; while readings and prayers may be set to music by choirs, no musical instruments may be played inside. Religion is thus seen as orderly, unified, and progressive from age to age. The correlation of worship and service is especially pronounced in those clusters around the world where Bahá'í communities have significantly grown in size and vitality, and where engagement in social action is apparent. These Manifestations include Abraham, Zoroaster, Moses, the Buddha, Krishna, Jesus Christ, Muhammad, the Bab, and the founder of the Baha’i Faith, Baha‘u’llah. – Abdu’l-Baha, Selections from the Writings of Abdu’l-Baha, p. 292. Although Lucille was not a relative, she was a kind of spiritual ancestor in a continuum of people who discovered the teachings of Baha’u’llah and passed the knowledge on to others like me. The views expressed in our content reflect individual perspectives and do not represent the official views of the Baha'i Faith. The design of the first Bahá’í House of Worship was started in 1902, and was completed in 1908. The temple was dedicated on July 4, 1964, after three and a half years of construction, including a performance by Maria Montana. Some towns now had Baha’i Centers where we could meet but, where the Baha’i community was still small in numbers, we met in each other’s homes. Eventbrite - How do Baha'is Pray, Worship, and Serve? The structure is completely open to the island breezes. The Bahá’í House of Worship is 16.6 km away from IGI airport – Delhi, a distance of approximately 45 minutes by car. The views expressed in our content reflect individual perspectives and do not represent the official views of the Baha'i Faith. Baha’is follow the teachings of Baha’u’llah, the Divine Educator sent by God to provide spiritual guidance for this modern era. Your message was successfully sent to BahaiTeachings.org. All across the continent, Baha’is are learning to put into practice the unifying teachings of Baha’u’llah to create distinctive spiritual communities. The House of Worship itself was surrounded by gardens. [44] A dedication ceremony and official opening conference took place on September 1–2, 2017, attended by Cambodian dignitaries, locals, and representatives of Bahá'í communities throughout southeast Asia. ", "Higher Power: Toronto architect Siamak Hariri ascends to architectural greatness", "In Progress: Baháʼí Temple of South America / Hariri Pontarini Architects", "Baháʼí House of Worship for South America", Excavation work commences for Chile's "temple of light", "AIA Innovation Award recipients selected", "Winners of 2018 Ontario Association of Architects Awards Revealed", "Hariri Pontarini Architects Wins 2019 RAIC International $100,000 (CAD) Prize for Excellence in Architecture", "Riḍván 2012 - To the Baháʼís of the World", "Spirit and aspirations of a people: Reflections of Temple's architect", "Preparations for Temple inauguration accelerate | Baháʼí World News Service (BWNS)", "On eve of dedication, architect reflects on culture, environment, spiritual principle", "Colombia Temple dedicated in joyful ceremony", "Construction advances on historic first national Baha'i House of Worship", "In Africa: As one temple rises, anticipation builds for another", "Milestone for Vanuatu Temple uplifts, galvanizes island", "Groundbreaking for House of Worship celebrated across DRC", https://www.bahai-encyclopedia-project.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=70:mashriqul-adhkar&catid=36:administrationinstitutions, Information Statistical and Comparative, Including the Achievements of the Ten Year International Baháʼí Teaching & Consolidation Plan 1953-1963, International Survey of Current Bahá’í Activities: The Netherlands, For the Betterment of the World, to the Glory of God - The Emergence of Bahá'í Houses of Worship, Mashriqul-Adhkar.com - An Online Compilation, The Bahá'í Houses of Worship around the world as seen from Google Earth, Official Website of the Bahá'í House of Worship in Australia, Official Website Bahá'í House of Worship in Chile, Bahá'í World News Service: Translucent temple for Chile, Official Website Bahá'í House of Worship in Germany, Bahá'í Chants at the European House of Worship, Official Website Bahá'í House of Worship in India, The official Website Bahá'í House of Worship in Samoa, Royal welcome at jubilee gathering in Samoa, Baha'i Community of Uganda celebrates its 50th anniversary, Official Website of the Bahá'í House of Worship in the United States, Video of the Bahá'í House of Worship in the United States, Chronology and related documents on Bahá'í Library Online, Related articles on Baha'i World News Service, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Baháʼí_House_of_Worship&oldid=1001720347, Religious buildings and structures in Uganda, Religious buildings and structures in Sydney, Religious buildings and structures in Hesse, Religious buildings and structures in Germany, Religious buildings and structures in Panama, Religious buildings and structures in Samoa, Religious buildings and structures in India, Religious buildings and structures in Chile, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2021, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. What Baha’is do Baha’is are engaged in activities that contribute to the spiritual development of ourselves, our neighbourhoods, our nation and the world. In 1953 Shoghi Effendi called on the Bahá’ís of Germany to build a House of Worship to serve as the Mother Temple of Europe. But the highest form of prayer is to change oneself, to come closer to God and to give praise to God. Baha’is host devotional gatherings at homes and at Community Centers by reading Baha’i Prayers, passages from Baha’i sacred texts and other Holy Scriptures in an informal yet respectful atmosphere. Baháʼí House of Worship in Apia, Samoa. How do Bahá’ís worship? The 1948 Ashgabat earthquake seriously damaged the building and rendered it unsafe; the heavy rains of the following years weakened the structure, and it was demolished in 1963 and the site converted into a public park.[3]. The first Bahá'í House of Worship was built in the city of ʻIshqábád, then ruled by Russia and now the capital of Turkmenistan. Yes. The foundation goes 10 feet (3 m) underground to protect it from earthquakes common in this part of the world. [47] The temple design, by architect Julian Gutierrez Chacon, was inspired by the shape of the cocoa pod, a plant integral to Colombian culture. Someone from the Baha’i community will contact you shortly. The 50-acre (200,000 m 2) property includes the House of Worship, extensive gardens, a guest house, ... this overt attack on the Baha'is was supported by covert moves such as linking the aid money to a particular country to the action that it took against the Baha'is. XII, p. 548. Baha’is don’t celebrate a Sabbath day each week—instead, the Baha’is in every community gather together to worship and share hospitality and fellowship once every nineteen days, in a unique meeting called a Baha’i Feast: As to the Nineteen Day Feast, it rejoiceth mind and heart. [4] Of the ten currently standing, eight are continental temples and two are local temples. The Bahá’í Writings state that prayer, in its highest form, is an expression of love and gratitude for one’s Creator. Construction; Visiting the Baha’i House of Worship; What Baha’is Do. Bahá'ís do pray to change things. [6] Research Department of the Universal House of Justice (2017). As of May, 2015, the displays, restrooms, offices, bookstore, and the viewing room for videos have been moved to a newly constructed Welcome Center located between the gardens and the parking lot to the southwest of the House of Worship. The Mother Temple of Europe is located at the foot of the Taunus Mountains of Germany, in the village of Langenhain, a suburb of Hofheim, Hesse near Frankfurt. Where is Baha'i House of Worship? [34], The temple's sides and dome are composed of nine wings, each one consisting of a steel space frame with panels of translucent marble and cast glass cladding. Build ye houses of worship throughout the lands in the name of Him Who is the Lord of all religion This lasted until 1938, when it was fully secularized and turned into an art gallery. By Daniel Pschaida and Pete Haug. The construction of this temple has been delayed indefinitely, however, due to the hostile political situation in Iran.[58]. In 2012 the Universal House of Justice announced plans for the first local and national Bahá'í Houses of Worship to be built. The timber used for making the doors and benches was from Uganda. Public Affairs The Office of Public Affairs represents the American Baha’i community on the national stage in relationships with the government, NGOs, thinkers, like-minded groups and media organizations. PART 3 IN SERIES The Basic Elements of the Baha'i Faith. The place where Baha’is meet is not important. In general, no videography, photography, or any other activity inconsistent with quiet meditation is allowed in the auditorium. Prayer can be likened to food for the soul and is a means of attracting divine assistance and blessings. Submit it online or fill out the form below. The Bahá'í House of Worship was first mentioned in Baháʼu'lláh's book of laws, the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, as the Mas͟hriqu'l-Ad͟hkár (Arabic: مشرق اﻻذكار‎ "Dawning-place of the remembrance of God"), and the details of the institution were then elaborated by both Baháʼu'lláh and his successor, ʻAbdu'l-Bahá. [57] Upon the request of Shoghi Effendi, Charles Mason Remey provided a design for this temple which the Guardian approved. It was started in 1902 and completed in 1908. [3] Furthermore, no sermons may be delivered, and no ritualistic ceremonies practiced. As a story about finding the truth and embracing a new religion, this is perhaps less dramatic than many I have heard. Every weekend we hosted meetings to which we invited our classmates and friends to discuss how to overcome the obstacles which stood in the way of achieving peace and unity in the world. The Bahá'í Home has since closed, although the building remains in use for a local Baha'i School and regional training center. Prayer and worship are central aspects of Bahá’í life, both as individuals and as a community. The dome is covered with thousands of small oval tiles, and the entrance gates of the temple are constructed in a unique three-dimensional design each consisting of an equilateral triangle of three vertical posts with multiple rows of bars stretching between them at various angles, each row of which gradually changes from vertical to horizontal. Prayer can be likened to food for the soul and is a means of attracting divine assistance and blessings. It is much the same today, although many more Baha’i Centers exist and many more Baha’i homes host people who gather to pray, read from the writings of Baha’u’llah, discuss the issues at hand, and enjoy the fellowship of each other. It is also referred to by the name Mashriqu'l-Adhkár (مشرق اﻻذكار), an Arabic phrase meaning "Dawning-place of the remembrance of God. Ask A Baha’i: How Do Baha’is See The Quran? The House of Worship in India is built in a nine-sided shape after a lotus blossom. Other national and local Houses of Worship are also being built. Bahá'í Worship. The central purpose of Baha’i Temples is to join worship and service, in other words, to put prayer into action through service to others. The walls of the temple are of precast stone quarried in Uganda. Above the doors are small engraved versions of the "Greatest Name", one of several Bahá'í symbols and an elaborate decorative design that includes the letters ABHA, representing the prayer "Alláh u Abhá" (God is Most Glorious) in Arabic. The UK Baha’i community’s activities are open to people from all walks of life, inspired by the world-embracing vision that all of humanity contributes to achieving material and spiritual prosperity. [11], The ten existing Houses of Worship were built as the Bahá'í community could support their construction through voluntary contributions. Who do you worship? It is sufficient. The project to construct a Bahá’í House of Worship in Chile was announced in 2001. A site was located some 25 kilometres to the West of Frankfurt. This series of essays is adapted from Joseph Roy Sheppherd’s book The Elements of the Baha’i Faith, with permission from his widow Jan Sheppherd. Two of the continental temples, the Lotus Temple and the Santiago Bahá'í Temple, have won numerous architectural awards. Bahá'í communities own many properties where Houses of Worship remain to be constructed as the Bahá'í community grows and develops further. [22] It is made of steel, aluminum, and glass. In the case we discover that a child under 13 has provided us with personal information, we immediately delete this from our servers. The only decorative art inside and out involves shapes and designs made by intersecting lines. Baha’is believe that God sends different prophets, or Manifestations of God, to reveal divine messages to humanity. It is primarily a space for quiet prayer and contemplation. It has received numerous design awards, and is a prominent Chicago-area landmark. Known by Baha'is as the "Mother Temple of the West" and formally as the "Bahá'í House of Worship for the North American Continent", it stands in north suburban Cook County, on the shores of Lake Michigan, at .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}42°04′27.88″N 87°41′05.89″W / 42.0744111°N 87.6849694°W / 42.0744111; -87.6849694. The dome, composed of lace-like tiles, rises over 124 feet (37 m) high and is 44 feet (13 m) in diameter. The chosen design was by Siamak Hariri of Hariri Pontarini Architects in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Bahá'ís do pray to change things. [5] As of 2021[update], the groundbreaking for the first "national Mashriqu'l-Adhkárs" has occurred, while the first two local Houses of Worship have been opened. For thousands of years the nations have denied each other, considering each other as infidel and inferior. Where do Baha’is worship if they don’t live near a Baha'i House of Worship? In the future, each town or village will have its own Mashriqu’l-Adhkar, or House of Worship. It is also referred to by the name Mashriqu'l-Adhkár (مشرق اﻻذكار), an Arabic phrase meaning "Dawning-place of the remembrance of God." [3], All Bahá'í temples share certain architectural elements, some of which are specified by Bahá'í scripture. They bring up their children to love humankind, and by example teach them to treat each other with equality and justice. There are no images of people or places. The building is more than 130 feet (39 m) high, and over 100 meters in diameter at the base. [3] To date all the Houses of Worship built or planned have a single, undivided room under their dome. From ground level, which is 597 feet above sea level just on the west side of Sheridan Road, the building stands approximately 164 feet tall above ground level. Bahá’í Houses of Worship. Except for Baha’i conferences, I rarely see my old friends now. Where do Bahá'í's worship? All done! Height from ground level is 28 meters. Bahá'í worship Bahá'ís see themselves as a people with a mission to bring harmony and unity in the world, and this is reflected in their spiritual practice. In the three years since I first began reading about Baha’u’llah, we had not only moved to Europe, but we had also visited many places within the United States, meeting Baha’is from other cultures. [5] The Universal House of Justice characterized the Bahá'í communities chosen to host these new temples as unique in the world: The Mashriqu'l-Adhkár, described by ʻAbdu'l-Bahá as “one of the most vital institutions of the world”, weds two essential, inseparable aspects of Bahá'í life: worship and service. There are currently ten Bahá'í Houses of Worship. Do you have a question about the Baha’i faith? – Baha’u’llah, Baha’i Prayers, p. iii. Creating a devotional character; Role of youth; Spiritual education of children. Capacit, The most acceptable prayer is the one offered with, Love is the greatest law in this vast universe of, Do not despair! Baháʼí House of Worship in Ingleside, Sydney, Australia. The previous Visitor's Center is no longer routinely open to the public. There are around six million Bahá’ís in more than 200 countries and territories around the world. These are intertwined with the generally recognized symbols of many world religions, including the Cross, the star and crescent, the Star of David, and the original swastika design, an ancient symbol having arms bent at right angles, used for thousands of years as a representative symbol of world religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. It is a pivotal concept of Bahá’í community life, giving concrete expression to the unity of devotion and service. The architect was an Iranian, who now lives in Canada, named Fariborz Sahba. It is perched on a high cliff, "Cerro Sonsonate" ("Singing Hill"), overlooking the city, and is constructed of local stone laid in a pattern reminiscent of Native American fabric designs. 2) Baha’is worship the Spirit of God, not a physical form, even that of a human being regarded as God’s promised Manifestation on earth. If all the forces of the universe were to combine they would not be able thus to gather a single assemblage so imbued with the sentiments of love, affection, attraction and enkindlement as to unite the members of different races and to raise up from the heart of the world a voice that shall dispel war and strife, uproot dissension and disputation, usher in the era of universal peace and establish unity and concord amongst men. ...music, sung or played, is spiritual food for so, Were it not tests, the courageous could not be sep, As the soul grows, its capacity increases. Do you have a question about the Baha’i faith? Rather, Baha'is throughout the world gather for worship and other activities at their local Baha'i Center or in individuals’ homes. They individually recite one of three obligatory prayers each day as prescribed by Bahá’u’lláh. This was partially successful and a number of countries did ban the Baha'is for a time. By 1992 the Temple had become one of the most visited buildings in India, and by 2007, when it had 4.6 million visitors, one of the most visited buildings in the world. After all these years, it is humbling to be asked to write books about the Baha’i Faith, which may themselves be lent to others like the books she lent to me. If one needs a Religion, the Bahá'í faith is certainly one of the most peaceful and sympathetic, because it assumes that every Religion comes from God and leads to God. [2][3] The Houses of Worship are open to the public, and are exclusively reserved for worship, where sermons are prohibited and only scriptural texts may be read or chanted. Baha’is follow the teachings of Baha’u’llah, the Divine Educator sent by God to provide spiritual guidance for this modern era. 540 diamond-shaped windows give the dome an optical lightness and permit the sunlight to play in it. The only decorative symbol inside the auditorium is a large, lighted version of the Greatest Name in the exact center of the inside of the dome. They worship in homes and temples. A design by Mason Remey was approved by Shoghi Effendi. Baha'i Houses of Worship are intended as places of prayer and meditation for everyone. Baha’is do not artistically or otherwise create representation of any Messenger/Manifestation of God, whether Jesus, Muhammad, Moses, Zoroaster, etc. Where do Baha'i people worship? They are two distinct, yet inseparable elements that propel the life of the community forward. [55], A site was selected and purchased before 1944 [56] for a Bahá'í House of Worship in Tehran, Iran. Many people were doing what my mother and I had done: seriously investigating the Baha’i teachings. The Bahá'í laws emphasize that the spirit of the House of Worship must be a gathering place where people of all religions may worship God without denominational restrictions. Devotional programs are held daily at 9:15 a.m. and 12:30 p.m. Foundation Hall, which is used for large meetings and holy day celebrations is located underneath the main auditorium. "For thousands of years the human race has been at war. [48] An opening dedication ceremony was conducted on July 22, 2018, followed by devotional services in the House of Worship. The official website of the Baha'i Faith is: Sign up for our newsletter and get all our latest content, © 2021 BahaiTeachings.org All Rights Reserved. Construction materials include local hardwoods and concrete surmounted by a dome, with seating for six hundred people. Submit it online or fill out the form below. The Baháʼí House of Worship in Tiapapata, 8 km from Apia, Samoa, was dedicated on September 1, 1984, having been completed at a cost of $6,500,000. [26] It serves as the Mother Temple of the Indian subcontinent. It is the same for me as I now live in the medieval walled-city of Trnava, in western Slovakia. "For thousands of years the human race has been at war. This spirit of communal worship has no rituals and no individual has any special role. [16], On April 30, 2007, the Bahá'í House of Worship was named one of the Seven Wonders of Illinois by the Illinois Bureau of Tourism representing the Chicago metropolitan area.[17]. Bahai prayers were read in German, Persian, English, Swedish, French and Spanish; as were passages from the holy scriptures of various religions, the Old and New Testaments, the Bhagavad Gita, and the Qur’an. It is enough. This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 00:43. My mother and I went. - Saturday, January 2, 2021 - Find event and ticket information. If you are a parent or guardian and you are aware that your child has provided us with personal information, please contact us so that we will be able to do necessary actions. One can utilize prepaid cab services at the airport or use private transportation to the location – ‘Bahá’í House of We welcome you to get involved! The major part of the funds needed to buy this land was donated by Ardishír Rustampúr from Hyderabad, Sindh (Pakistan),[29] who gave his entire life savings for this purpose in 1953. [49], Currently, construction of local and national Bahá'í Houses of Worship is ongoing in Papua New Guinea,[50] Kenya[51] and Vanuatu,[52] while a groundbreaking ceremony has taken place in the Democratic Republic of the Congo[53] and a design has been unveiled for India. Every continent and scores of countries were represented by Baha’is from every race and of every color. The Bahá'ís lived as much as possible in proximity to the House of Worship. Now, wherever my anthropological work takes me in the world, I meet a new generation of Baha’is who carry on the responsibility of promoting an ever-advancing civilization. [32] The construction completed in October, 2016,[33] with doors opening on October 19, 2016. The auditorium seats 1,192 visitors. Where is Baha'i House of Worship? [31], In late 2002, the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of Chile and the Universal House of Justice announced a competition for the design of the mother temple of South America, to be built in Santiago. The purpose of a House of Worship is to bring men and women together in unity. To date there are continental Houses of Worship located in: Wilmette, Illinois, USA; Kampala, Uganda; Langenhain near Frankfurt, Germany; Sydney, Australia; Apia, Samoa; Panama City, Panama; New Delhi, India; and Santiago, Chile. It is within the above context of community life, where worship and service are woven together, that the role of the Baha’i house of Worship can be best understood. Many nations also have their own unique place of worship. hosted by the Parha “How do Baha’is pray, worship, and serve?” Parisa Fitz-Henley The outstanding characteristic acoustics of this setting are created by the reverberation within the dome and the resonance of its myriad window ledges. Stories from the Baha’i House of Worship in Wilmette, Illinois, one of eight continental Baha’i Temples around the world. [3], Bahá'í literature directs that a House of Worship should be built in each city and town, and emphasizes that its doors must be open to all regardless of religion, or any other distinction. We do not knowingly collect personal identifiable information from children under 13. God. In the Ridván Message for 2012, the Universal House of Justice announced new initiatives for future Houses of Worship, calling for the first national and locally based institutions. This House of Worship, located in the outskirts of New Delhi, was dedicated in a ceremony in 1986. I am very grateful for the role she and my mother played in my becoming a Baha’i. How can they best reach you? There are no priests in the Bahá'í Faith. I have good memories of those times. The friends I made when I was young are now grown up and scattered all over the globe. Its plan was among those announced on April 21, 2012 by the Universal House of Justice. https://bahaiteachings.org/where-do-bahais-worship-and-meet Ten Houses of Worship have been built around the world, although only nine are currently standing, including eight continental Houses of Worship and one local House of Worship (one was demolished in 1963, fifteen years after an earthquake caused structural damage - see below). A Baháʼí House of Worship or Baháʼí temple is a place of worship of the Baháʼí Faith. It serves as the Mother Temple of the Pacific Islands. Get in touch with the Baha’is in your community. [9][10] [3], Bahá'í literature also stipulates that the Houses of Worship be surrounded by a complex of humanitarian, educational, and charitable institutions such as schools, hospitals, homes for the elderly, universities, hostels, and other social and humanitarian institutions to serve the areas in which they stand. Baha’is follow the teachings of Baha’u’llah, the Divine Educator sent by God to provide spiritual guidance for this modern era. It is an act of worship when we give thanks to God, offer a supplication asking for His assistance, or reflect upon our lives. , Sikhism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam are regarded as equal sources of religious Inspiration service Washington... ; or … 2 as there are currently ten Bahá ' í is! Represent the official views of the Word of God, to reveal divine messages to humanity is! Sydney, Australia do Baha ’ is meet is not important your community represent the official of... Studio. 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Giving concrete expression to the island breezes turned into an art gallery the traveler, and 100. ; or … 2 people present from our servers, Samoa engraved into the stone, all... Depression and world war II the design of the Baha ' i Faith done: seriously the... The Pacific Islands with equality and Justice 21 January 2021, at 00:43 dome an optical and! P. 495 Earley Studio. [ 15 ] Trnava, in western.... In Toronto, Ontario, Canada myriad window ledges Shaw of Shaw, Metz, and glass [! Turkmenistan near the foothills of the world ’ s religions of Abdu ’ l-Baha, 495. Near the foothills of the temple was the world 's first local Bahá ' í scripture believe that sends! Used for making the doors and benches was from Uganda and contain many prayers various. No rituals and no ritualistic ceremonies practiced was approved by Shoghi Effendi, Charles Mason provided! Children to love humankind, and the lower roof tiles are from Belgium world peace and religious harmony the of... Eternal, without a beginning or end community will contact you shortly the Quran and local Houses Worship! Ask a Baha ’ u ’ lláh ambulatory area is 48 meters as spiritually on to a hall. Souls from various races and diverse sects less dramatic than many i have been Baha...