Fencing that is compatible with site furniture and existing architecture could represent the character of the surrounding area. A landscape specialty group is often formed to support the general landscape maintenance group. Short-term leases or rentals will often be the most cost-effective way of obtaining equipment resources that are needed on a periodic or temporary basis. Mowing frequencies and other cultural practices can reduce the buildup of thatch; however, if this layer of thatch gets too thick, it must be removed or a poor turf will result. Operations and Maintenance will focus on the current methods and practices in delivering facilities maintenance and grounds care services. How much water depends on soil type and turf variety and the seasonal changes of the evapo-transpiration rate (defined as moisture taken from the soil by plants and air). It also creates an environment conducive to insect and fungus disease growth. Fencing materials should be pleasing and unobtrusive but still do their intended job. APPA Technology Corporation offers including: Clamp Meters, Leakage Current Clamp Meter, Electrical Test Tools, Bench Instruments, Digital Multimeters Note about cookies This site uses cookies to provide you with a better user experience. Therefore, consultants must be completely familiar with the area and its problems. Additional specialized crews may be necessary for maintaining site furniture, grafitti removal, emptying exterior trash cans, and litter removal which is often the most time consuming task on a college campus. If the heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning system removes too much humidity from the air, install a humidifier. If they are followed, the lawn quality will improve. Chemical absorption can result in absenteeism and serious health problems. There are several steps in the planting procedure that frequently cause problems. Some smoother surfaces do not have enough texture to support English ivy. Determining proper moisture levels for the numerous varieties of plants is difficult. Many new products have attachments, eliminating the need for several specialized pieces. Some employees may delay their response to emergency calls or not respond at all. These questions must be asked, in addition to studying manufacturers’ recommendations, observing equipment demonstrations, and visiting nearby institutions to observe other snow control programs. Associated with high-traffic urban areas, such as public squares, malls, government grounds, or … In periods of sufficient precipitation, the rain sensor will shut down the system until the moisture level is low enough to warrant additional watering. There are strong arguments for not amending the soil to a degree that will cause water filtration problems between different soil interfaces; however, a 5 percent addition of topsoil or compost can be a wise addition to the heavy soil backfill. In addition, birds, particularly pigeons, will nest in dense growths of this vine. Interest in indoor plants has risen dramatically in recent years. Western Kentucky University 1906 College Heights Blvd. Healthy plants will ultimately reduce maintenance while increasing the aesthetic appeal of the landscape. Mowing schedules and heights must be regulated. Please enter your email address here to subscribe to the Inside APPA newsletter. Special maintenance, such as regular sealing and cleaning of sensitive and unusual materials, is often required. This is particularly true for grounds maintenance activities. First is the type of area that must be maintained and the tasks associated with that maintenance. Let us know. Not only will downtime halt the operator, but it can halt several other crews and disrupt scheduling as well. The problems inherent in exposure to agricultural chemicals, and the subsequent hazards of absorption into the body, cannot be overemphasized. It will include basic contracting principles, various types of procurement methods, and contract administration techniques. Turf maintenance may include mowing, edging, and trimming. Custodial employees can remove snow and ice from entrances, steps, and landings. Each of these areas requires special skills and knowledge for effective care and maintenance. Information is also available about other use factors of equipment, personal hygiene, and environmentally friendly methods of disposal. Aang came forward and offered an apple to Appa, and the two became best friends almost immediately afterward.Just before the Air Nomad Genocide, Aang heard that the monks were going to separate him from Monk Gyatso an… Interested agencies include security, traffic, custodial, and general administration; in addition, someone should represent accessibility issues. Planning for the performance of grounds maintenance functions should be based on both a land-use inventory of the scope and nature of the grounds to be cared for and a determination of the standards of care. For more information regarding the Hazard Communication Standard Program, contact your local or regional Occupational Safety and Health Administration Office. Associated with high-traffic urban areas, such as public squares, malls, government grounds… Good drainage is essential to effective pavement maintenance. Summary of basic policies and procedures for snow and ice control. This Code of Conduct details the responsibilities and required conduct for all Members, subject to any requirements of the Constitution. Furniture can include benches, light standards, refuse receptacles, planters, newspaper distribution boxes, signage kiosks, and fixed or moveable athletic equipment. APPA Standard Space Level 1 Orderly Spotlessness Level 2 Ordinary Tidiness Level 3 Casual Inattention Level 4 Moderate Dinginess Level 5 Unkempt Neglect; Classroom with hard floor: 8500: 16700: 26500: 39500: 45600: Classroom, hard floor, high use: 4700: 9600: 10100: 2100: 22900: Classroom, carpeted, high use: 5100: 12700: 13400 : 17900: 18800: APPA Staffing … Participants will discuss effective service contract experiences. Many colleges and universities are finding that the use of part-time labor is an alternative to contract services and provides needed cost reductions while still preserving the greater degree of control that may be lost with contract services. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages. If the tree is staked and mulched properly, the base of the tree will also be protected from mower damage. Is the landscape architect looking for a tree or a shrub? Chemical de-thatchers have been introduced, but none have proven successful. A detailed explanation of the reasoning behind establishing priorities can help with this transition. Institutions faced with this problem have learned that allowing it to accumulate only encourages more, while prompt and complete removal soon discourages it. Related to fertilization is the introduction of various trace elements lacking or trapped in the soil. To achieve its goals, an institution needs adequate staffing and funding for grounds maintenance and care. Preventive maintenance scheduling that may be less routine is effectively done by a computerized preventive maintenance program. Each material requires its own maintenance methods, but there are some common practices for all. Time-reporting systems are often used to establish time standards. Appa (film) Appa is a 2016 Indian Tamil-language independent … Although every person on campus would like a high priority for his or her department, parking space, or building, snow and ice removal can be successfully accomplished only by following clearly established priorities that meet recognized needs. It is registered in milligrams per kilogram of body weight and is shown as both dermal and oral indicators. We provide a … Review the impact of information systems, financial planning and reporting systems, and various administrative support systems. It too is exempt from sewage fees. The electives will provide a more in-depth review of specific maintenance issues such as roof systems, mechanical/electrical systems, recycling, fire and life safety systems, emergency preparedness, and customer relations. Staking reduces losses caused by wind, people, and other physical problems. Custodial … What works in one area may not work in another. Effective management of the contract services is another key to success. It is also recommended to cut and remove at least the upper third of the wire basket of the balled-and-burlapped tree. 207 Comprehensive Capital Asset Management (AIA approved for 1.5 Learning Units)Examine the basic principles related to the management of capital renewal and deferred maintenance programs. Although the idea of growing plants inside is not new, it has never been so popular. Anti-icing is the practice of applying liquid brine to the paved surface which allows for easier and more thorough mechanical removal. This is the updated software application that supplements APPA's popular publication, Operational Guidelines for Educational Facilities: Grounds, second edition and third edition. Chapter 3: Grounds Staffing Guidelines by Robert Getz A. P roviding guidelines for calculating the staffing requirements for a particular grounds area is based on two essential factors. As the promotional industry's only professional association we're here to help both our members and consumers navigate the marketplace. Rotary brooms are an excellent tool for removing snow and should be incorporated in a snow removal plan. There are varieties of grasses that tolerate varying degrees of shade, but none can tolerate the shade caused by dense trees. Building identification and directional information signage should follow set standards using appropriate and consistent colors, locations, sign sizes and shapes, and lettering styles. The APPA Standards and Codes Council monitors standards and code activities among standards-setting organizations; communicates and educates APPA member institutions on standards compliance; and influences the development and creation of standards and codes, to ensure that the interests of educational institutions are realized in the standards-setting process. A profusion of disease and insect problems may exist in lawns. UNC Charlotte Facilities Management follows APPA maintenance and custodial guidelines. Placing stakes at walk intersections to guide operators when the area is entirely covered, or providing coffee and hot chocolate for employees during long hours of overtime, improves the operations efforts. Standards may be established on a campus-wide basis or individually according to buildings and functions. Standards of care are typically set by the desired level of maintenance established by the administration. Some organizations use contractors to supplement seasonal tasks when it is not practical to have staff year-round, such as for snow removal. It is important for all maintenance staff to understand where the high-priority areas are so that the maximum possible care is given to these areas and not wasted in areas of less importance. Repetitive scheduling is most efficiently handled by developing schedules on calendars and sharing them with all affected parties within the facilities organization, including maintenance staff, maintenance supervision, and customers. Disease control is an important reason for pruning. Incorrect selection and application methods will result in damage to other plants. Grounds managers must inspect the construction site before planting a new lawn and correct any abnormalities, or unforeseen problems will occur for years afterward. LEVEL 1 State-of-the-art maintenance applied to a high-quality diverse landscape. Floors and base board molding shine and/or are bright and clean; colours are fresh. The latter method can incorporate fertilizer, seed, and mulch in one operation. A consistent, uniform exterior signage program can play an important role in creating visual continuity and a distinctive institutional image throughout a campus. It is now commonly known that the appearance of a college campus affects recruitment and the mental and physiological health of the students, faculty, and staff who live and work there. Involving the maintenance staff familiar with the soil conditions, circulation patterns, and previously successful plant material is also worth considering when choosing plant material. State extension services can be one of the best sources of training assistance and materials that are both of high quality and specific to local area needs and conditions. APPA GROUNDS STANDARDS. There are no plants entirely free of problems. For instance, will tractors, commercial lawn mowers, and dump trucks be equipped for snow and ice control? Depending on the priority level of the lawn, all kinds of problems may have to be corrected. How well a plant grows is determined by the controlled environments of building interiors. Maintenance of paved surfaces, storm drainage systems, campus furniture, fountains, signage, fences, retaining walls, and other external campus improvements is often an important element of the grounds maintenance function. Concrete pavements are widely used and can provide a durable, easily maintained surface. The chapter on contract management and APPA: The Association of Higher Education Facilities Officers’ Contract Management or Self-Operation discusses important issues that should be considered and provides good general guidance. If human resources and budgets are still of primary concern after this management practice is applied, other measures may be taken. Temporary fencing should be avoided. These firms are experienced at maintaining as well as selecting and installing interior foliage. This describes the effects a selected chemical will have on various non-target plants. With increasing environmental regulations aimed at reducing the use of landfills, composting operations are becoming more common on college and university campuses. Discussion will include the various methods of work identification and processing, work flow in the maintenance organization, and management controls. Posters should be limited to strategically placed bulletin boards and kiosks on campus, and these should be regularly cleaned and policed to remove old, outdated material. • APPA Staffing Level 1 –High use/ high visibility areas, 3 –7 Acres / FTE Resource Requirements • APPA Staffing Level 2 –Medium use & visibility areas, 7 -14 Acres / FTE Resource Requirements • APPA Staffing Level 3-4 –Low use areas, 14-100 Acres / FTE On larger campuses, or where labor availability is a problem, pruning can be done almost anytime. Once a major storm has gotten the upper hand, it can be almost impossible to recover. Certain chemicals can be combined to resolve a combination of problems. It is important that all of these factors be considered when evaluating equipment, as many varieties of equipment and materials are manufactured to clear, remove, and melt snow and ice. APPA GROUNDS STANDARDS. Grounds administrators must identify best practices to accomplish their mission. Iron is either not present in the soil or not available to the plant because of some other soil condition. Ground Rules for the APPA Method Levels 1 – 5 Staffing Service Levels Building Examples Shifts (1st, 2nd, 3rd) Conclusions “We have done so much with so little for so long that we can now do everything with nothing forever.” - Attributed to US Navy Seabees . If improperly chosen, a plant will be a problem in various ways throughout its life. Appa was a nobleman in the Kingdom of Hungary, who, according to a non-authentic charter, served as Judge royal in 1158, during the reign of Géza II of Hungary. These standards should specifically establish responsibility for management and enforcement of the program. Each … The Total Cost of Ownership - Facilities Manager Article July/Aug 2016. Soil analysis is almost always necessary to determine fertilizer requirements. Once a system is installed, it requires only occasional maintenance and, in colder climates, winterization. Seasonal watering times may be needed to react to severe deviations from regional weather norms, and winterization and restart will be required in cold climate areas. Completion of the operations and Maintenance section will provide facilities managers with a review of a wide range of facilities and grounds maintenance issues that will be applicable to a variety of situations. Appa (Chinese: 阿柏; pinyin: Ā Bǎi) is a fictional character on the Nickelodeon animated television series Avatar: The Last Airbender and in the film The Last Airbender.In the series, Appa is the only known living sky flat-tailed flying bison, a species of animals that can fly naturally, and is the animal spirit guide of the protagonist, Aang. The goal of IPM is to manage pests and their damage to tolerable levels. Remember, “mow high, mow often.”. Non-irrigated lawns usually experience a dormant period from mid to late summer if rainfall is below levels necessary to sustain growth.This is normal, and the brown-blue grass will turn green with sufficient water. Successful grounds maintenance organizations are characterized by strong leadership, including well-trained and enthusiastic supervisors with adequate staffing and equipment. Areas compacted by heavy equipment should be loosened, or turf establishment will be difficult until the soil loosens naturally, which can take several years. Fences are often required to direct traffic and restrict use to designated programs and to secure areas. With proper moisture and fertilization a lawn will be established, weeds will be crowded out, and grasses will grow abundantly. What land uses are inventoried can be determined by the tasks needed to maintain them. Find out more. APPA Code of Conduct. This water is not subject to sewage charges. One way to overcome this problem is to have the landscape architect describe the design intent of the plants they are proposing rather than specifying specific types of plants. The most common problem of paved surfaces is the lack of drainage. Cost factors must be considered to determine the economic feasibility of growth regulator use. The former gives a more uniform appearance to a campus and is much less complicated to carry out. Once policies, procedures, and staffing patterns are established, other factors can be considered, such as the physical characteristics of the snow removal areas. The responsibility for initial notification rests with a department and specific individuals who are on campus during nonworking hours. As with any emergency procedure, careful advance planning is an essential element of a successful snow and ice control program. This keeps the plant from settling out of plumb or to a level that will not drain. LD(50) is not the only way of determining toxicity, but it is a good indicator. A number of restricted-use growth regulators are available on the market, and each is effective for different turf situations. The less light received, the slower the growth rate and therefore, the less need for nutrients. A number of effective cleaning materials are now available to seal surfaces, or to remove all types of paint and other marking materials. A good rule is to remove only 1/3 of the leaf blade at one cutting. The size of the zone is not arbitrary and should be determined by the previously identified maintenance needs. An accumulation of grass cuttings on the lawn is a good indicator that the mowing frequency needs to be increased. In expansive commercial jobs, irrigation is often managed through a computer. Myappa ; Bookstore ; BOK ; facilities Manager Article July/Aug 2016 snow, or to remove only of. 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