It is also called the eardrum. Brood Parasite: A brood parasite is an organism (usually a bird) which manipulates another individual of the same or different species to raise its offspring. Antenna: A sensory apparatus found on the heads of insects and most arthropods. Assimilatory Nitrate Reduction: Reduction of nitrate to compounds like ammonium, for the synthesis of amino acids and proteins. Xeric: A habitat which has an extremely dry environment. It is found in many birds and essential to keep them warm. Preen Gland: It refers to the gland found on the back, at the base of the tail in most birds. Bioaugmentation: Addition to the micro-organism’s environment that can metabolize and grow on specific organic compounds. Cell Biology. Dilution Plate Count Method: A method of estimating the number of viable micro-organisms in a sample. Ostracum: The calcified portion of an invertebrate’s shell. Home Range: The habitat that an animal normally lives and uses for daily activities. Periplasmic space: The area between the cell membrane and cell wall in Gram negative bacteria. Basic Biology Terms Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - Basic Biology Terms . Fledge: It is that stage in a young bird’s life, when the feathers and wing muscles are developed and the bird is capable of flight. Blastomycosis: An infection caused due to Blastomyces dermatitidis, it predominantly affects skin, lungs, and bones. Conidiospore: A thin-walled, asexual spore seen on hyphae which is not contained in sporangium. Microcosm: A community or any other unit that is representative of a larger community. Subelliptical: An egg that is elongated and tapered towards its rounded ends. Micro-organism: An organism that is too small to be seen by the naked eye. Juvenal: Refers to the first covering of feathers on a bird, after it loses its down (undersurface) feathers. Mouthparts: An appendage found close to the mouth of some animals, birds, and insects, which they use for all eating functions. These hyphae are capable of penetrating cortical cells. These procedures maybe laboratory procedures such as microbiological cultures. Nitrification: Biological oxidation of ammonium to nitrite and nitrate. Siderophore: A metabolite that is formed by some micro-organisms, that forms a strong coordination compound with iron. Eyeshine: The phenomenon when light is shone into the eye of certain animals and birds, the pupil seems to glow. It helps the snake detect its prey. Airborne Transmission: A type of transmission, wherein the organism is suspended in or spreads its infection by air. This discipline of science comprises three sub-disciplines which are botany (study of plants), Zoology (study of animals), and Microbiology (study of microorganisms). Macronutrient: A substance required in large amounts for normal growth of an individual. See molts. Growth Rate: The rate at which growth occurs. Explanations of Biological Concepts. It is helpful in DNA sequencing. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Aseptic Technique: Procedures that are performed under strict sterile conditions. Developmental Response: The development of morphological and physiological qualities of an organism in response to prolonged or changing environmental conditions. Hatchling: A young one that has just been hatched from an egg. Cilia: Minute hairlike extensions present on a cell surface, which move in a rhythmic manner. Psychrotroph: An organism that is able to grow at zero degrees and above twenty degrees Celsius. Their function is similar to that of the rectrices to a certain extent. Nitrifying Bacteria: Chemolithotrophs that can carry out the transformation from ammonia to nitrite or nitrate. Human Body: The entire physical structure of a human being. Autoimmunity: A condition where a specific humoral or cell mediated immune response is initiated against the constituents of the body’s own tissues. Taxon: A word used to group or name species of living organisms. In snakes, they are used to inject venom into the victim. Biology is the branch of science concerned with the study of life: structure, growth, functioning, and evolution of living things. Estivation: Similar to hibernation, it is a period of inactivity that the animal goes into, during a dry hot season. Endothermy: The ability of an organism to maintain its body temperature, by generating heat metabolically. Enhanced Rhizosphere Degradation: Enhanced activity of micro-organisms involved with biodegradation of contaminants near plant roots which is brought about by compounds exuded by the plant roots. Science. Niche: Functional role of an organism in a certain habitat. Batch processes are mostly used to cleanse, stabilize, or condition chemical solutions for use in industries. Biology: terms used in biology: aerobic, agglutination, albino, allele or allelomorph, anaerobic | Collins English Word ... an artery, capillary, or vein bone any of the various structures that make up the skeleton in most vertebrates cell the basic structural and functional unit of … Zygodactyly: This is the arrangement of toes formed in birds, in which the outer front toe faces the back, resulting in two toes facing forward and two backward. The similarity is based on plant structures (such as trees, grasses and shrubs), plant spacing (forest, savanna, woodland), leaf types (such as needle-leaf and broad-leaf), and climate. Disinfectant: An agent that kills micro-organisms. Frustule: Siliceous wall and protoplasm seen in diatoms. Scale: A thin plate that forms the covering of certain animals. It is used more specifically to refer to the upper side of a tortoise or turtle’s shell. Aerial Behavior: Aerial behavior is a type of behavior that deals with communicative or playful behavior. abdomen. It is the same as a Beak. Ames Test: A test that uses a special strain of salmonella to test chemicals for mutagenicity and carcinogenicity. This is a temporary phase. Microflora: This includes bacteria, virus, fungi, and algae. Cell Biology: Branch of biology involving the study of cells, their structure, formation, components and functions. This group includes nematodes, oligochaete worms, smaller insect larvae, and certain anthropods. Morphometric Characters: These are characteristics regarding the depth, dimension, sediment distribution, water currents etc. Koch’s Postulates: Laws given by Robert Koch which prove that an organism is the causative agent of a disease. Water Retention Curve: A graph showing soil water content as a function of increasingly negative soil water potential. The ranks start with life, followed by domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species. Carapace: A hard shell which shields the dorsal side of an animal’s body. Antigen: Any substance capable of instigating the immune system into action, inciting a specific immune response and reacting with the products of that response. Diffuse Coevolution: Evolution of a species depending upon the evolution of some other species, which itself may be evolving depending on some other factors. Animalia: The taxonomic kingdom of animals that includes organisms that are multicellular, eukaryotic, (having cells with membrane-bound nuclei) and heterotropic (require organic compounds for nourishment). Cats, Goats, and pigs are examples of such animals. Torsion: The asymmetrical positioning of the body achieved, due to twisting and repositioning, during development. Heat Sensitive Pit: An organ located on each side of the head, below a line from the eye to the nostril of some snakes, especially the vipers. Baeocytes: Reproductive cells formed by cyanobacteria through multiple fission. Hexose Monophosphate Pathway: A metabolic pathway involving the oxidative decarboxylation of glucose:6:phosphate. In insects, it is the third segment in the leg. The study of biology covers every planet and object in the Universe. Carbon Fixation: Conversion of carbon-dioxide and other single carbon compounds to organic compounds such as carbohydrates. Taxonomy: A practice used to classify animals with evolutionary relationships, as basis of this classification. Benthic Zone: The ecological region at the lowest level of a water body, including the sediment surface and some sub-surface layers. Sign in to YouTube. Substrate: A base on which an organism is grown. Cell Biology. Sheath: Tubular structure that is found either around a chain of cells or around a bundle of filaments. Melanism: A condition characterized by a high level of concentration of melanin (black pigmentation) occurring in the coat, skin, or plumage of the animals. Or feathers two complementary strands of hair or feathers infection Thread: the process of removal undigested... Young one that has attained the age of six months to one year its sole nitrogen source batch medium! The Basidiomycotina, which contributes in making the feather solid and stiff in! Plants or other toxic compounds encounter innumerable jargons during their study,,. Two genetically dissimilar nuclei sub-cellular organelle, found as saprophytes in soil or toxic! Other animals. [ Back ] basic functionalities and security features of the shell some! Lighter or denser than water feed the young warm or view care activities end., corals, and is usually communicated as a plant that is able to conserve.... 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