Infant mortality was high in ancient Greece, and the precariousness of life for a newborn child naturally reduced family size. In Birth, Death, and Motherhood in Classical Greece, Nancy Demand offers the first comprehensive exploration of the social and cultural construction of childbirth in ancient Greece. CONTRACEPTION There is very little direct evidence of contraception in Ancient Greece, but families did tend to be small. In Birth, Death, and Motherhood in Classical Greece, Nancy Demand offers the first comprehensive exploration of the social and cultural construction of childbirth in ancient Greece. In the past, it was believed that the new mother was the source of jealousy and must avoid the “evil eye” (κακό μάτι, kako mati) Therefore, she was never seen in public for forty days. This would give them time to rinse themselves out or douche after having sex to reduce the chance of pregnancy. The women of ancient Greece thus had a "custom" and a system of signs used to announce the gender of a newborn child. Their only hope for pregnancy is to lose weight. A woman giving birth in the U.S. today will have an entirely different experience than a woman giving birth in the U.S. 100 years ago or, say, in China during the Ming Dynasty. Could this system of signs be connected with the shout, the ololugé? For most of human history, childbirth was one of the most dangerous things that a woman could do; indeed, it still is for many women. When a boy was born to a Greek family, it was a cause for celebration; the arrival of a girl, however, did not bring as much happiness to the family circle. Eileithyia was depicted as a woman wielding a torch, representing the burning pains of childbirth, or with her arms raised in the air to bring the child to the light. Eileithyia or Ilithyiae or Ilithyia (/ ɪ l ɪ ˈ θ aɪ. Both men and women in ancient Greece longed for children in marriage, but economic concerns often forced them to limit the size of their families. So, understandably, a lot of ancient … According to some there were two Eileithyiae--one who furthered birth and one who protracted the labour. After the birth. Laboring women prayed to Asclepias and Artemis for support. Birth Control and Infanticide. An ancient birth control method proposed by Aristotle, women in ancient Greece used olive oil mixed with cedar oil to decrease sperm mobility. A pregnant woman with good color will deliver a male baby; if the mother's color is bad the child will be a girl. Her name means she who comes to relieves. It seems possible that the shout could have been articulated in the form of a code to convey this information. In ancient Greece and Rome, birth was usually an all-female event which affirmed the parturient's status as mother of the patriarchal family, especially when she produced a male child. After this period, she would take her baby to the church, the baby was blessed by the priest, and they could both start going out. ə /; Greek: Εἰλείθυια; Ἐλεύθυια (Eleuthyia) in Crete, also Ἐλευθία (Eleuthia) or Ἐλυσία (Elysia) in Laconia and Messene, and Ἐλευθώ (Eleuthō) in literature) was the Greek goddess of childbirth and midwifery. Therefore, women were secluded, subjugated and muted. Women in ancient Greece were seen as a liability, and their only value to society was their ability to give birth, preferably to boys. Eileithyia was the ancient Greek goddess of childbirth and labour pains. Or Ilithyia ( / ɪ l ɪ ˈ θ aɪ ɪ l ɪ ˈ θ aɪ were two Eileithyiae one. Very little direct evidence of contraception in ancient Greece, and the precariousness life... But families did tend to be small lot of ancient … Their only hope pregnancy... Could this system of signs be connected with the shout could have been articulated the! 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