Organisation. Its army is, organisationally, a part of Denmark's force and comprises the 6th Army Group. Dieser sollte unter den Söhnen des verstorbenen Königs gewählt werden. [3], Margaret became regent of Denmark and Norway when Olaf died in 1387, leaving her without an heir. For my research, I decided to focus on some history regarding… The Kalmar Union Erik of Pomerania is crowned in Kalmar in 1397, with Margrete at his side. Charles Bonde, for example, was made king of Sweden three times by nationalists there, in 1440, 1464 and 1467. [4] She adopted her great-nephew Eric of Pomerania the same year. Command and General Staff Course, Royal Union Defence College 2001–2002. The Kalmar Union (Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish: Kalmarunionen; Latin: Unio Calmariensis) was a personal union in Scandinavia, agreed at Kalmar in Sweden, that from 1397 to 1523[1] joined under a single monarch the three kingdoms of Denmark, Sweden (then including most of present-day Finland), and Norway, together with Norway's overseas colonies[N 1] (then including Iceland, Greenland,[N 2] the Faroe Islands, and the Northern Isles of Orkney and Shetland). The union was the work of Scandinavian aristocracy wishing to counter the influence of the Hanseatic League. Den nordiske trestatsunions epoke 1397–1521, Copenhagen: Nordisk ministerråd/Gyldendal/Liber, 1979, Gustafsson, Harald. [10][11] Norway continued to remain a part of the realm of Denmark–Norway under the Oldenburg dynasty for nearly three centuries, until it was transferred to Sweden in 1814. Larsson, Lars-Olof, Kalmarunionens tid. Additionally the Kalmar Union's Northern fleet is berthed at Trondheim, Tromsø and Murmanborg. One of the last structures of the Union remained until 1536/1537 when the Danish Privy Council, in the aftermath of the Count's Feud, unilaterally declared Norway to be a Danish province: this did not happen; instead, Norway became a hereditary kingdom in a real union with Denmark. This 'Union of Kalmar', at the time the largest state in Europe, was troubled from the start by its loose organization and unbalancing Danish domination. In 1376 Olaf inherited the crown of Denmark from his maternal grandfath… Each of the 14 Republics is self-governing and is free to administer local affairs, including education and taxes. Mit Kalmarer Union wird ein politisches Bündnis bezeichnet in von 1397 - 1523 die drei skandinavischen Königreiche Dänemark Norwegen und Schweden in Personalunion vereint waren. The Kalmar Union was a series of unions between Norway, Denmark, and Sweden from 1397-1523. non-union All-Union Union Army union-free Union Flag Union Jack anti-union semi-undone Kalmar Union Act of Union Lublin Union: Union: Leider keine Übersetzungen gefunden! Nya Stockholm (Kalmar Union) ⇝ Norrmalm. Though Norway claimed suzerainty over the island prior to the Union’s formation, it had long since ceased exercising any administrative control over the European settlements there. Margaret I ruled Denmark 1387–1412, Norway 1388–1389, and Sweden 1389–1412, Christian II ruled Denmark and Norway 1513–1523; Sweden 1520–1521, Albrectsen, Esben, Fælleskabet bliver til. In order to form the Kalmar Union, you have to control as Denmark the cities of Goteborg, Abo, Kalmar, Uppsala and Visby. The Russian Air Force began bombing civilian and military targets in the region. A few weeks later, the rank of 'premium' was released giving nation leaders the ability to change their nation colour. von Dänemark. The union was not quite continuous; there were several short interruptions. The Kalmar Union was a historical consisting union of the kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, and various other provinces and areas. Following the Union’s dissolution, all remaining overseas possessions brought into the Union by Norway became property of the Danish monarch; who retained ownership following the transfer of the Kingdom of Norway from the Danish crown to Swedish crown (discusses in further detail below) after the Napoleonic Wars. [6] After Margaret defeated Albert in 1389, her heir Eric was proclaimed King of Norway. The Union lost territory when the Northern Isles were pledged by Christian I, in his capacity as King of Norway, as security against the payment of the dowry of his daughter Margaret, betrothed to James III of Scotland in 1468. Captain in the Royal Union Army 2000. Enköping (Kalmar Union) ⇝ Kungsholmen. It is also known as the “Kalmarunionen”. Die Union hielt dennoch insgesamt 180 Jahre und wurde 1536 seitens der Schweden aufgekündigt. He was removed from office the next week. Danmark-Norge 1380–1814, vol. Christian I pledged the Northern Isles to Scotland as insurance for his daughter’s dowery in 1468; when the dowery wasn’t paid the islands transferred to perpetual Scottish sovereignty in 1470. The money was never paid, so in 1472 the islands were annexed by the Kingdom of Scotland.[9]. Juni 1397 auf dem schwedischen Schloss von Kalmar beschlossen. The Kalmar War was the last time Denmark-Norway successfully defended its dominium maris baltici against Sweden, and it also marked the increasing influence of the two countries on Baltic politics. Scandinavian Journal of History (2006) 32#3 pp 205–220. Scandinavian royal lineage chart for the time around the founding of the Kalmar Union, "Margaret I | queen of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden", "Erik VII | king of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden", "Sweden – Code of law | history – geography", Membership of International organizations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kalmar_Union&oldid=1000060564, States and territories established in 1397, States and territories disestablished in the 1520s, 16th-century disestablishments in Denmark, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles to be expanded from September 2017, Articles needing translation from Swedish Wikipedia, Articles containing Finnish-language text, Articles containing Icelandic-language text, Articles containing Greenlandic-language text, Articles containing Faroese-language text, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the flag caption or type parameters, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Articles containing Swedish-language text, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Written By: Edward Gonzalez In the play Hamlet, the realm of Denmark is threatened by Fortinbras’s army of Norwegian soldiers. Although the 1957 Act of Union grants important executive, legislative and judicial powers to the Monar… After the Northern Seven Years' War, the Treaty of Stettin (1570) saw Frederick II renounce all claims to Sweden, officially dissolving the union. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "Kalmarer Union" – Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Englisch-Übersetzungen. For a somewhat different view see Steinar Imsen, "The Union of Calmar: Northern Great Power or Northern German Outpost?" The Kalmar Union was a personal union that from 1397 to 1523 that joined the three kingdoms of Denmark, Sweden and Norway under a single monarch. Staff Officer, Kalmar Union Armed Forces Headquarters (KUAFH) 2002–2005. Es wurde die Einheit von Dänemark, Schweden und Norwegen unter der Herrschaft eines Königs festgelegt. 1, 1380–1536, Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 1997, Carlsson, Gottfrid, Medeltidens nordiska unionstanke, Stockholm: Gebers, 1945, Christensen, Aksel E., Kalmarunionen og nordisk politik 1319–1439, Copenhagen: Gyldendal, 1980, Enemark, Poul, Fra Kalmarbrev til Stockholms blodbad. His youngest and only surviving child, Margaret I (Margrethe I), had married a prince of Sweden, Haakon VI Magnusson, then king of Norway. Da Olav noch ein Kind war, übernahm seine Mutter die Vormundschaft für dessen Herrschaft. No direct contact took place between Greenland and the Kalmar Union during the time period. Die Stadt liegt an dem zur Ostsee gehörenden Kalmarsund zwischen der Insel Öland und dem Glasreich. Olav starb schon 1387, woraufhin seine Mutter die Regentschaft von Dänemark übernahm, ohne jemals den Anspruch auf den Titel der Königin zu stellen. Bei der geplanten Vertragsunterzeichnung fehlte aber unter anderem die gesamte norwegische Delegation. in Christopher Ocker, ed. Kalmar ist eine Stadt in der südschwedischen Provinz Kalmar län und der historischen Provinz Småland. [8] Diverging interests (especially the Swedish nobility's dissatisfaction with the dominant role played by Denmark and Holstein) gave rise to a conflict that would hamper the union in several intervals starting in the 1430s. 7. Denmark consists mostly of flat, arable land. Marskinlinna (Ruotsi/Finland) ⇝ Gamlastan. Legally, the countries remained separate sovereign states. Margaretes Sohn Olav war der dänische Thronfolger, der nach dem Tod von Håkon VI. The main reason for its failure to survive was the perpetual struggle between the monarch, who wanted a strong unified state, and the Swedish and Danish nobility, which did not. Hansen. Well to be fair, the name "Kalmar union" is a later invention. With a large part of the hostile forces of the region taken out, it was easy to continue south, capturing the southern tip of Norway for the Union. Anglia had only really rejoined the Kalmar Union as a first step to regain Fryslân not to be dragged into a general conflict. Commander Kongelige Sjøforsvaret and Major Royal Union Army, 2002. After the founding of this Scandinavian personal union in Swedish city Kalmar in the June of 1397, Norway, Sweden and Denmark became under a common monarch. In 1376 Olaf inherited the crown of Denmark from his maternal grandfather as King Olaf II, with his mother as guardian; when Haakon VI died in 1380, Olaf also inherited the crown of Norway. Sie adoptierte den Enkel ihrer Schwester Bogislav, den Sohn von Prinz Vartislav von Pommern und gab ihm den nordischen Namen Erik, Erik von Pommern (1382–1459). Die nordische Union wurde 17. Sie versprach bei der Eroberung des restlichen Landes zu helfen, denn ihr gemeinsamer Feind war die Hanse und der damit wachsende deutsche Einfluss auf die skandinavische Wirtschaft. Herzlich Willkommen! Nominal possession. Für die weitere Suche einfach die Links unten verwenden oder das Forum nach "Unione" durchsuchen! in Christopher Ocker, ed. Somit wurde der Vertrag von vielen lediglich als Entwurf betrachtet. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. A resistance to the Russians was set up in 2045 by Verner … The Kalmar Union existed for 25 years (1397-1521), starting under Margareta Valdemarsdotters' leadership in 1397. More personally, it was achieved by Queen Margaret I of Denmark (1353–1412). Denmark lies in Northern Europe and is the Southernmost Scandinavian nation. "Scandinavia" is almost as realistic as "Kalmar union", with the exception of that a true united Scandinavian kingdom would have more centralisation than was the case during the Kalmar union. The northern and central part of the Jutland peninsular is forested and the largest Danish river "Gudenåen" runs there as well. Wir – Matthias und Denis – betreiben elchburger.de bereits seit 2008. [4] Eric was subsequently elected King of Denmark and Sweden in 1396. [2] Formally, the Danish king acknowledged Sweden's independence in 1524 at the Treaty of Malmö. [5] The following year, 1388, Swedish nobles called upon her help against King Albert. The Kalmar War (1611–1613) was a war between Denmark–Norway and Sweden.Though Denmark-Norway soon gained the upper hand, it was unable to defeat Sweden entirely. The union was the work of Scandinavian aristocracy wishing to counter the influence of the Hanseatic League. Dieser sollte unter den Söhnen des verstorbenen Königs gewählt werden. Dieser wurde 1389, obwohl er nicht erster der Erblinie war, neuer König von Norwegen. Die Union war das Werk der Königin Margarete von Norwegen (1353-1412), eine Tochter von König Valdemar IV. The union was started in 1397 at a meeting in the town of Kalmar in Sweden. The main impetus for its formation was to block German expansion northward into the Baltic region and counter the influence of the Hanseatic League. Margaret succeeded in having her son Olaf recognized as heir to the throne of Denmark. The ensuing union between Sweden and Norway lasted until 1905, when a grandson of both the incumbent king of Denmark and the late king of Sweden was elected king of Norway. Från drottning Margareta till Kristian II, Stockholm: Rabén-Prisma, 1997, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 10:30. She was a daughter of King Valdemar IV and had married King Haakon VI of Norway and Sweden, who was the son of King Magnus IV of Sweden, Norway and Scania. Die sechs Kilometer lange Ölandsbron, die Öland mit dem Festland verbindet, beginnt in Kalmar. Im Alter von zehn Jahren wurde Margarete von Norwegen mit König Håkon VI. In 1376 Olav inherited the crown of Denmark from his maternal grandfather as King Oluf III, with his mother as guardian. Die einzelnen Länder sollten weiterhin separat regiert werden, nur die Außenpolitik sollte alleine in den Händen des Königs liegen. Margaret succeeded in having her son Olafrecognized as heir to the throne of Denmark. Christian II of Denmark, Kalmar Union, History of Norway, 1520s, History of Denmark, History of Sweden, 16th Century, Wars, Wars and Terrorism, Modern History, Europe, Earth, Solar System, Milky Way. ). The Kalmar Union refers to a personal union in Scandinavia composed by Denmark, Sweden (including southern Finland) and Norway. King Christian II of Denmark and Norway defeats a Swedish army at Lake Asunden and is crowned King of Sweden. The Kalmarian troops met the Russians at the eastern border of what used to be Finland. verheiratet, dem Sohn von Magnus II., der König von Schweden und Norwegen war. Kalmar Union Flag White T-Shirt $21.99: Kalmar Union Flag Women's Cap Sleeve T-Shirt $22.99: Kalmar Union Flag Women's Dark T-Shirt $28.99: Kalmar Union Flag Women's Long Sleeve Dark T-Shirt $30.99: Kalmar Union Flag Women's Long Sleeve T-Shirt $26.99: Kalmar Union Flag Women's Plus Size Scoop … Power is separated between the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government, as defined by the Act of Union, which serves as the country's supreme legal document. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. Harald Gustafsson, "A State that Failed?" In practice, the Kalmar Union fell apart when Sweden rebelled and became independent on 6 June 1523 and Gustav I of Sweden was elected as king there. Dänische und schwedische Truppen besiegten 1389 König Albert von Mecklenburg und übernahmen somit die Macht in ganz Schweden. Norway retained none of her prior possessions however. The Kalmar Union. König Erik von Norwegen bestieg 1396 auch den Thron von Dänemark und Schweden. Norway starts the game with a low development and shrinking economy, which prevents Norway from reaching army force limit and naval force limit at full maintenance. Die Kalmarer Union war eine Vereinigung der Königreiche Dänemark, Norwegen und Schweden. Die zoologische Ordnung der Kalmare (Teuthida) stellt mit mehr als 250 Arten[1] die größte Gruppe innerhalb der heutigen Kopffüßer dar. : +49 (0)40 547305-0 Fax: +49 (0)40 547305-19 E-Mail: vertrieb@kalmarglobal.com Es wurde die Einheit von Dänemark, Schweden und Norwegen unter der Herrschaft eines Königs festgelegt. Imsen, Steinar. Im Jahr darauf wurde sie auch Regentin von Norwegen. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "Kalmar Union" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. To the east on the island of Zealand lies the Danish capital Copenhag… "The Union of Calmar: Northern Great Power or Northern German Outpost?" As the Kalmar Union army explored the southern area of Norway, they engaged a hostile faction of tribesmen around the ruined town of Vigmostad, the battle was easily won but not without some losses. Krönung Erik von Pommern – alleiniger König der drei Länder von 1412 bis 1439 Die nordische Union wurde 17. Kalmar Union. Die Union zerbrach nachdem sich selbständig machte Dänemark und Norwegen blieben 1814 miteinander verbunden.. Der Union lag eine politische Konstellation Jahre 1389 zugrunde bei der alle drei Reiche … According to the Act of Union, the Kalmar Union is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government, wherein the Monark is the head of state and the Statsminister is the head of government on behalf of the Monark. [4] His coronation was held in Kalmar on 17 June 1397.[7]. Juni 1397 auf dem schwedischen Schloss von Kalmar beschlossen. Population Calculator: Link. Once you form the Union of Kalmar, your banner will change and you will get access to 3 Norwegian units available in castles: Svenner, Sami Axemen and Gotland Footmen (a Swordsmith Guilde must be present in the castle). At the age of ten, she married King Haakon VI of Norway and Sweden, who was the son of King Magnus IV of Sweden and Norway. Denmark is made up of main peninsular Jutland, and the archipelagoes Fyn, Zealand, Lolland-Falster, and Bornholm. One main impetus for its formation was to block German expansion northward into the Baltic region. After controlling these cities, you will receive the mission to kill the Norwegian king in either field battle/siege. When Haakon VI died in 1380, Olav also inherited the crown of Nor… To place the Kalmar Union into a global context, elsewhere in Europe there were other key battlegrounds. Gemeinsam mit den Echten Tintenfischen (Sepiida), den Zwergtintenfischen (Sepiolida) und dem Posthörnchen (Spirula spirula), das allein eine eigene Gruppe Spirulida darstellt, bilden die Kalmare die Gruppe der Zehnarmigen Tintenfische (Decabrachia). Their son Olaf (Oluf) was chosen as king of Denmark in 1376. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}55°40′N 12°34′E / 55.667°N 12.567°E / 55.667; 12.567. ( Public Domain The English Plantagenet King Edward III believed he had a greater claim to the French throne than Philip VI leading to a series of conflicts known collectively as the Hundred Years’ War, which raged throughout France from 1337 to 1453. However, their domestic and foreign policies were directed by a common monarch. At a conference held at Dalaborg Castle, in March 1388, the Swedes were compelled to accept all Margaret's conditions, elected her "Sovereign Lady and Ruler", and engaged to accept from her any king she chose to appoint. In Schweden gab es zu dieser Zeit einen Konflikt zwischen König Albert von Mecklenburg und dem Adel, der 1388 Margarete als schwedische Regentin in einigen Landesteilen bestimmt hatte. June 6, 1523 . At that time, Norway included Iceland, Greenland, the Faroe Islands, Shetland, Orkney, and parts of Finland belonged to Sweden. Kalmar Germany GmbH Reichsbahnstraße 72 22525 Hamburg Deutschland Tel. I don't think we know what people actually called it, but probably just "the union". Von uns und weiteren Skandinavien-Experten bekommst du hier jede Menge Reisetipps und Infos zu Städten, Sehenswürdigkeiten, Events, Natur, Kultur uvm. "A State that Failed?". The KU then quickly fell to the Russian advances in 2043. Engraving by H.P. The union was the work of Queen Margaret I of Denmark (1353–1412), a daughter of King Valdemar IV of Denmark. Danish opinion was largely appalled by its army's, and commanders', performance during the course of the war. Denmark - Denmark - Margaret I and the Kalmar Union: Valdemar’s heirs brought the kingdom to its medieval apogee. Gustav Vasa's election as king on 6 June 1523, and his triumphant entry into Stockholm eleven days later, marked Sweden's final secession from the Kalmar Union. The play takes place during the late middle ages (1300-1499), and during this period there were constant wars and conflicts among the neighboring realms. She was a daughter of King Valdemar IV and had married King Haakon VI of Norway and Sweden, who was the son of King Magnus IV of Sweden, Norway and Scania. As a result it largely retreated from Kalmar activities. Margaret succeeded in having her son Olav recognized as heir to the throne of Denmark. More personally, it was achieved by Queen Margaret I of Denmark (1353–1412). Senior lecturer with the Institute of Strategy at the Royal Union Defence College, 2005–. The KU Prime Minister, Launo Järvinen, then made the reckless decision to throw most of the Kalmarian troops at the eastern border, when the Russian Navy was also attacking in the south. auch noch König von Norwegen wurde. © 2021 – elchburger.de | Du liest gerade: Norwegen im frühen Mittelalter (1066–1240), Norwegen nach dem Bürgerkrieg (1240–1380), Norwegen während der Weltkriege (1905–1945), Das Zeitalter der Wikinger in Norwegen (793–1066). Verwenden oder das Forum nach `` Unione '' durchsuchen subsequently elected King of Sweden and Bornholm and 1467 Dänemark... Mutter die Vormundschaft für dessen Herrschaft Kilometer lange Ölandsbron, die Öland mit dem Festland verbindet, beginnt in.. Other key battlegrounds Lake Asunden and is free to administer local affairs, including education taxes. 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