Caisson is a horse drawn wagon or cart. The chaplain or pastor (if applicable) reads a committal service. The NCOIC ensures the flag is stretched out and level, and centered over the casket. A caisson was first used as part of a ceremonial burial during the 1847 Mexican-American War. The single riderless horse that follows the caisson with boots reversed in the stirrups is called the "caparisoned horse" in reference to its ornamental coverings, which have a detailed protocol all to themselves. The honor guard lifts and holds the American flag taut over the … It is from this tradition that the caisson came into use for the burial of a single fallen solider to his or her final resting place. Casket team sets down the casket and secures the flag. Originally the caisson was used to bring artillery onto the battlefield. Once the artillery was off-loaded, the caisson was loaded with bodies of fallen service members. The dead carried from the field of battle on a caisson were covered with a flag, so that each side could identify their own dead. Over the next six years he did over 100 such funerals. Eleanor Roosevelt stands to left with Anna and Elliott on April 15, 1945 in Hyde Park, NY. The caissons used today date from 1918 and have been re-fitted to carry flag-draped caskets. A caisson is a two wheel horse drawn wagon which was originally used to transport ammunition during military battles, the caisson used in presidential funeral procession was built in 1918 to carry a 75mm cannon. Some years later, a funeral home asked if he could provide a caisson for a burial. Today, Fort Sam is one of only two places in the country—Arlington National Cemetery is the other—to have a full-time caisson unit. They gleam like they are brand new. The flag-draped casket arrives at the cemetery by hearse or horse-drawn caisson. A six-man honor guard carries the casket to the grave site. “This may not be a bad idea,” he thought. The flag is lifted from the lowered casket of Franklin D. Roosevelt at the burial site in the rose garden by members of the military services. The caisson or hearse arrives at grave site, everyone presents arms. Casket team secures the casket, NCOIC, OIC and chaplain salute. By Kevin … This is merely a sampling of the carriage companies that exist in America. This custom evolved from the days when horse-drawn caissons were the primary means of moving artillery ammunition and cannon, and the NPx 77-144(1). Draping the flag of a nation over a military serviceperson’s or veteran’s casket serves to remind the living of that person’s service and sacrifice for that country. When a caisson was unloaded on the battlefield, presumably it would reload with wounded, dead, or dying soldiers of the battery it had just resupplied. 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