[5] The colony was incorporated into the Dominion of New England in 1686,[9] but the dominion was dissolved in 1689 and all the New England colonies temporarily reverted to their previous governmental structures. Hello Select your address All Hello, Sign in. The life of Thomas Hutchinson, royal governor of the province of Massachusetts Bay Email to: Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and other First Nations people are advised that this catalogue contains names, recordings and images of deceased people and other content that may be culturally sensitive. This model of government was greatly disliked by the colonists all throughout British North America but especially in New England where colonists at one time did have some semblance of democratic and local control. [30] In 1691, King William III merged the colonies of Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay along with the territory of Maine, the islands south of Cape Cod (including Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, and the Elizabeth Islands), and Nova Scotia (which included New Brunswick) to form the Province of Massachusetts Bay. [41] William III and Mary II eventually issued new charters, but in the process they combined the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony, and other territories into the Province of Massachusetts Bay. The governor-elect is then escorted by the sergeant-at-arms to the House Chamber and sworn in by the senate president before a joint session of the House and Senate. The Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay colonies coexisted until 1686, each electing its own governor annually. The governor of Massachusetts, officially the governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the chief executive of the government of Massachusetts and serves as commander-in-chief of the commonwealth's military forces. The original role of the governor was one of a president of the board of a joint-stock company, namely the Massachusetts Bay Company. The Governor's Council served as the executive for ten days; the council's chair, Thomas Dawes was at no point named governor or acting governor. Massachusetts Bay Colony, one of the original English settlements in present-day Massachusetts, settled in 1630 by a group of about 1,000 Puritan refugees from England under Gov. Thomas Hutchinson, the lieutenant governor of Massachusetts, had one of the finest homes in Boston – until August 26, 1765. The governor acted in a vice-regalmanner, overseeing the governance and functioning of the colony. Governance of both colonies was dominated by a relatively small group of magistrates, some of whom governed for many years. with a brief interruption early in the American Revolution (1775-83). Joseph Dudley, son of Thomas Dudley, was given a commission as "President of the Council of New England" with limited powers as an interim measure before Andros' commission could be finalized. Originally they we… With Massachusetts Bay declaring its independence in May 1776 the role of Governor was vacant for four years. [19], The Massachusetts Bay Company was established in 1628 and was funded in part by investors in the failed Dorchester Company. The charter contained a provision that the governor's council would assume the duties of the governor should both governor and lieutenant governor be absent from the colony. In 1681, they began also electing a deputy governor who would serve in the governor's absence. The most notable of his offspring was Joseph Dudley (born 1647) who became the future royal governor of Massachusetts. Prior to their early-20th century demolitions, the Province House and the Hancock Manor[20] were also proposed as official residences. Acted as governor for most of the remainder of Sumner's term.